Siste publikasjoner

32845 Aquaculture Economics & Management (2019) Trond Bjørndal and Amalie Tusvik Economic analysis of land based farming of salmon /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32845 0 0 Pub_TypeNumber Aquaculture Economics & Management (2019) 0 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal and Amalie Tusvik 0 2 Pub_Title Economic analysis of land based farming of salmon 0 3 Pub_Publication /Files 0 4 Pub_AbstractEn 0 5 Pub_Type 3 0 6 Pub_Year 2019 0 7 Pub_OldID 0 0 8 32844 Aquaculture Economics & Management, 23(3), 341-357 (2019) Trond Bjørndal, Jordi Guillen and Ferit Rad Are farmed European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) prices in European Union markets affected by Turkish exports of farmed European seabass? /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32844 1 0 Pub_TypeNumber Aquaculture Economics & Management, 23(3), 341-357 (2019) 1 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal, Jordi Guillen and Ferit Rad 1 2 Pub_Title Are farmed European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) prices in European Union markets affected by Turkish exports of farmed European seabass? 1 3 Pub_Publication /Files 1 4 Pub_AbstractEn 1 5 Pub_Type 3 1 6 Pub_Year 2019 1 7 Pub_OldID 0 1 8 32843 Transportation Research Part D, 74, 318-338 (2019) Yewen Gu, Stein W. Wallace and Xin Wang Can an Emission Trading Scheme really reduce CO2 emissions in the short term? Evidence from a maritime fleet composition and deployment model /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32843 2 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part D, 74, 318-338 (2019) 2 1 Pub_Writer Yewen Gu, Stein W. Wallace and Xin Wang 2 2 Pub_Title Can an Emission Trading Scheme really reduce CO2 emissions in the short term? Evidence from a maritime fleet composition and deployment model 2 3 Pub_Publication /Files 2 4 Pub_AbstractEn 2 5 Pub_Type 3 2 6 Pub_Year 2019 2 7 Pub_OldID 0 2 8 32842 Transportation Research Part A, 130, 37-53 (2019) Vit Prochazka, Roar Adland and Francois-Charles Wolff Contracting decisions in the crude oil transportation market: Evidence from fixtures matched with AIS data /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32842 3 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part A, 130, 37-53 (2019) 3 1 Pub_Writer Vit Prochazka, Roar Adland and Francois-Charles Wolff 3 2 Pub_Title Contracting decisions in the crude oil transportation market: Evidence from fixtures matched with AIS data 3 3 Pub_Publication /Files 3 4 Pub_AbstractEn 3 5 Pub_Type 3 3 6 Pub_Year 2019 3 7 Pub_OldID 0 3 8 32841 Transport Reviews (2019) Dong Yang, Lingxiao Wu, Shuaian Wang, Haiying Jia and Kevin X. Li How big data enriches maritime research - a critical review of Automatic Identification System (AIS) data applications /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32841 4 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transport Reviews (2019) 4 1 Pub_Writer Dong Yang, Lingxiao Wu, Shuaian Wang, Haiying Jia and Kevin X. Li 4 2 Pub_Title How big data enriches maritime research - a critical review of Automatic Identification System (AIS) data applications 4 3 Pub_Publication /Files 4 4 Pub_AbstractEn 4 5 Pub_Type 3 4 6 Pub_Year 2019 4 7 Pub_OldID 0 4 8 32840 Journal of Commodity Markets (2019) Jostein Tvedt Commodity market flexibility and financial derivatives /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 32840 5 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Commodity Markets (2019) 5 1 Pub_Writer Jostein Tvedt 5 2 Pub_Title Commodity market flexibility and financial derivatives 5 3 Pub_Publication /Files 5 4 Pub_AbstractEn 5 5 Pub_Type 3 5 6 Pub_Year 2019 5 7 Pub_OldID 0 5 8 31840 Militær ledelse (red. Rino Bandlitz Johansen, Thomas Hol Fosse og Ole Boe) (2019) Synnøve Nesse Kriseledelse i en militær kontekst /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 31840 6 0 Pub_TypeNumber Militær ledelse (red. Rino Bandlitz Johansen, Thomas Hol Fosse og Ole Boe) (2019) 6 1 Pub_Writer Synnøve Nesse 6 2 Pub_Title Kriseledelse i en militær kontekst 6 3 Pub_Publication /Files 6 4 Pub_AbstractEn 6 5 Pub_Type 3 6 6 Pub_Year 2019 6 7 Pub_OldID 0 6 8 31835 Magma, nr. 6, 18-24 (2019) Charlotte Ringdal og Ingrid Hoem Sjursen Investeringer i barns utdanning: Bryr kvinner seg mer enn menn? /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 31835 7 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 6, 18-24 (2019) 7 1 Pub_Writer Charlotte Ringdal og Ingrid Hoem Sjursen 7 2 Pub_Title Investeringer i barns utdanning: Bryr kvinner seg mer enn menn? 7 3 Pub_Publication /Files 7 4 Pub_AbstractEn 7 5 Pub_Type 3 7 6 Pub_Year 2019 7 7 Pub_OldID 0 7 8 31834 Transportation Research Part A, 129, 232-245 (2019) Vit Prochazka, Roar Adland and Stein W. Wallace The value of foresight in the drybulk freight market /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 31834 8 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part A, 129, 232-245 (2019) 8 1 Pub_Writer Vit Prochazka, Roar Adland and Stein W. Wallace 8 2 Pub_Title The value of foresight in the drybulk freight market 8 3 Pub_Publication /Files 8 4 Pub_AbstractEn 8 5 Pub_Type 3 8 6 Pub_Year 2019 8 7 Pub_OldID 0 8 8 31833 European Journal of Operational Research (2019) Sturla F. Kvamsdal, José M. Maroto, Manuel Morán and Leif K. Sandal Bioeconomic modeling of seasonal fisheries /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 31833 9 0 Pub_TypeNumber European Journal of Operational Research (2019) 9 1 Pub_Writer Sturla F. Kvamsdal, José M. Maroto, Manuel Morán and Leif K. Sandal 9 2 Pub_Title Bioeconomic modeling of seasonal fisheries 9 3 Pub_Publication /Files 9 4 Pub_AbstractEn 9 5 Pub_Type 3 9 6 Pub_Year 2019 9 7 Pub_OldID 0 9 8 31831 Journal of Facilities Management (2019) Arnt-Ove Hopland and Sturla F. Kvamsdal Critical success factors for maintenance of local public buildings: the role of contingencies /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 31831 10 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Facilities Management (2019) 10 1 Pub_Writer Arnt-Ove Hopland and Sturla F. Kvamsdal 10 2 Pub_Title Critical success factors for maintenance of local public buildings: the role of contingencies 10 3 Pub_Publication /Files 10 4 Pub_AbstractEn 10 5 Pub_Type 3 10 6 Pub_Year 2019 10 7 Pub_OldID 0 10 8 30831 Operations Research and Decisions, 29(1), 17-35 (2019) Arnt-Ove Hopland, Sturla F. Kvamsdal and Leif K. Sandal An analysis of maintenance schedules for public facilities /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 30831 11 0 Pub_TypeNumber Operations Research and Decisions, 29(1), 17-35 (2019) 11 1 Pub_Writer Arnt-Ove Hopland, Sturla F. Kvamsdal and Leif K. Sandal 11 2 Pub_Title An analysis of maintenance schedules for public facilities 11 3 Pub_Publication /Files 11 4 Pub_AbstractEn 11 5 Pub_Type 3 11 6 Pub_Year 2019 11 7 Pub_OldID 0 11 8 30830 R09/18 Martha-Marie Olimb og Guro Nordvik Øyri En misjon om å redde liv – fra brennende engasjement til utbrent? /Files/Filer/Publications/R09_18.pdf 2 2018 0 PubID 30830 12 0 Pub_TypeNumber R09/18 12 1 Pub_Writer Martha-Marie Olimb og Guro Nordvik Øyri 12 2 Pub_Title En misjon om å redde liv – fra brennende engasjement til utbrent? 12 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R09_18.pdf 12 4 Pub_AbstractEn 12 5 Pub_Type 2 12 6 Pub_Year 2018 12 7 Pub_OldID 0 12 8 30829 A03/19 Jonas Tungodden When parents decide: Gender differences in competitiveness /Files/Filer/Publications/A03_19.pdf <p>The gender difference in willingness to compete has been proposed as an explanation for the observed gender difference in education and labor market outcomes. This paper presents the first study of how parents make competitiveness choices for their children. In an experiment with 1480 parents and adolescent children, parents choose if their child will do a task for a competitive or non-competitive pay scheme. The paper establishes a number of novel facts on parents' choices for children. First, parents choose more competition for boys than for girls. The gender gap in parents' choices is smaller than that in children's own choices. Second, two main mechanisms explain the gender gap in parents' choices: their beliefs about children's preferences and paternalistic behavior. Third, parents' choices are more responsive to the ability of boys than girls, which results in many high-ability girls not entering into competition. Fourth, parent gender matters: fathers are more likely than mothers to enter their child into competition. Finally, children are unaware of the gender difference in parents' choices and believe that parents will make the same choices for boys and girls. The set of findings sheds new light on the role of parents in determining children's long-term outcomes and on the intergenerational transmission of preferences.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2019 0 PubID 30829 13 0 Pub_TypeNumber A03/19 13 1 Pub_Writer Jonas Tungodden 13 2 Pub_Title When parents decide: Gender differences in competitiveness 13 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A03_19.pdf 13 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>The gender difference in willingness to compete has been proposed as an explanation for the observed gender difference in education and labor market outcomes. This paper presents the first study of how parents make competitiveness choices for their children. In an experiment with 1480 parents and adolescent children, parents choose if their child will do a task for a competitive or non-competitive pay scheme. The paper establishes a number of novel facts on parents' choices for children. First, parents choose more competition for boys than for girls. The gender gap in parents' choices is smaller than that in children's own choices. Second, two main mechanisms explain the gender gap in parents' choices: their beliefs about children's preferences and paternalistic behavior. Third, parents' choices are more responsive to the ability of boys than girls, which results in many high-ability girls not entering into competition. Fourth, parent gender matters: fathers are more likely than mothers to enter their child into competition. Finally, children are unaware of the gender difference in parents' choices and believe that parents will make the same choices for boys and girls. The set of findings sheds new light on the role of parents in determining children's long-term outcomes and on the intergenerational transmission of preferences.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 13 5 Pub_Type 1 13 6 Pub_Year 2019 13 7 Pub_OldID 0 13 8 30828 Magma, nr. 4, 23-32 (2019) Leif E. Hem og Nina M. Iversen Hvordan påvirker været vårt forbruk? /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 30828 14 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 4, 23-32 (2019) 14 1 Pub_Writer Leif E. Hem og Nina M. Iversen 14 2 Pub_Title Hvordan påvirker været vårt forbruk? 14 3 Pub_Publication /Files 14 4 Pub_AbstractEn 14 5 Pub_Type 3 14 6 Pub_Year 2019 14 7 Pub_OldID 0 14 8 30827 A02/19 Mathilde Ragnhildstveit and Caroline Silver The Effect of Credit Portfolio Diversification and Ownership on Banks’ Risk Exposure. A case study of the Norwegian banking market /Files/Filer/Publications/A02_19.pdf <p>In this paper we attempt to provide evidence on the effect of credit portfolio diversification in two dimensions, industrial and geographical diversification. Further, we analyze whether differences in banks' risk exposure are related to different ownership structures. We use an empirical approach and comprehensive data from the Norwegian banking market, containing annual information on 142 banks over the period 2005-2013. We measure the impact on two different variables reflecting risk in different ways; risk of insolvency by using the Z-score and banks' credit portfolio risk using the loan loss ratio. Our findings suggest that banks' choice of diversification strategy has a significant impact on banks' risk exposure. We find that increased industrial diversification reduces Norwegian banks' risk. Moreover, our findings indicate that increased geographical diversification increases banks&rsquo; risk of insolvency. We do however not find conclusive evidence suggesting that bank ownership is relevant when explaining banks&rsquo; risk exposure in the Norwegian banking market.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2019 0 PubID 30827 15 0 Pub_TypeNumber A02/19 15 1 Pub_Writer Mathilde Ragnhildstveit and Caroline Silver 15 2 Pub_Title The Effect of Credit Portfolio Diversification and Ownership on Banks’ Risk Exposure. A case study of the Norwegian banking market 15 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A02_19.pdf 15 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>In this paper we attempt to provide evidence on the effect of credit portfolio diversification in two dimensions, industrial and geographical diversification. Further, we analyze whether differences in banks' risk exposure are related to different ownership structures. We use an empirical approach and comprehensive data from the Norwegian banking market, containing annual information on 142 banks over the period 2005-2013. We measure the impact on two different variables reflecting risk in different ways; risk of insolvency by using the Z-score and banks' credit portfolio risk using the loan loss ratio. Our findings suggest that banks' choice of diversification strategy has a significant impact on banks' risk exposure. We find that increased industrial diversification reduces Norwegian banks' risk. Moreover, our findings indicate that increased geographical diversification increases banks&rsquo; risk of insolvency. We do however not find conclusive evidence suggesting that bank ownership is relevant when explaining banks&rsquo; risk exposure in the Norwegian banking market.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 15 5 Pub_Type 1 15 6 Pub_Year 2019 15 7 Pub_OldID 0 15 8 30826 Motivation and Emotion (2019) Hallgeir Sjåstad og Roy F. Baumeister Moral self-judgment is stronger for future than past actions /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 30826 16 0 Pub_TypeNumber Motivation and Emotion (2019) 16 1 Pub_Writer Hallgeir Sjåstad og Roy F. Baumeister 16 2 Pub_Title Moral self-judgment is stronger for future than past actions 16 3 Pub_Publication /Files 16 4 Pub_AbstractEn 16 5 Pub_Type 3 16 6 Pub_Year 2019 16 7 Pub_OldID 0 16 8 29826 A10/18 Kurt R. Brekke, Chiara Canta, Luigi Siciliani and Odd Rune Straume Hospital Competition in the National Health Service: Evidence from a Patient Choice Reform /Files/Filer/Publications/A10_18.pdf <p>We study the impact of exposing hospitals in a National Health Service (NHS) to non-price competition by exploiting a patient choice reform in Norway in 2001. The reform facilitates a difference-in-difference research design due to geographical variation in the scope for competition. Using rich administrative data covering the universe of NHS hospital admissions from 1998 to 2005, we find that hospitals in more competitive areas have a sharper reduction in AMI mortality, readmissions, and length of stay than hospitals in less competitive areas. These results indicate that competition improves patient health outcomes and hospital cost efficiency, even in the Norwegian NHS with large distances, low fixed treatment prices, and mainly public hospitals.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 29826 17 0 Pub_TypeNumber A10/18 17 1 Pub_Writer Kurt R. Brekke, Chiara Canta, Luigi Siciliani and Odd Rune Straume 17 2 Pub_Title Hospital Competition in the National Health Service: Evidence from a Patient Choice Reform 17 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A10_18.pdf 17 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>We study the impact of exposing hospitals in a National Health Service (NHS) to non-price competition by exploiting a patient choice reform in Norway in 2001. The reform facilitates a difference-in-difference research design due to geographical variation in the scope for competition. Using rich administrative data covering the universe of NHS hospital admissions from 1998 to 2005, we find that hospitals in more competitive areas have a sharper reduction in AMI mortality, readmissions, and length of stay than hospitals in less competitive areas. These results indicate that competition improves patient health outcomes and hospital cost efficiency, even in the Norwegian NHS with large distances, low fixed treatment prices, and mainly public hospitals.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 17 5 Pub_Type 1 17 6 Pub_Year 2018 17 7 Pub_OldID 0 17 8 29825 R02/19 Stein Ivar Steinshamn Ressursrentebeskatning i fiskeri: Kunnskapsstatus, samt erfaringer fra andre fiskerinasjoner /Files/Filer/Publications/R02_19.pdf 2 2019 0 PubID 29825 18 0 Pub_TypeNumber R02/19 18 1 Pub_Writer Stein Ivar Steinshamn 18 2 Pub_Title Ressursrentebeskatning i fiskeri: Kunnskapsstatus, samt erfaringer fra andre fiskerinasjoner 18 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R02_19.pdf 18 4 Pub_AbstractEn 18 5 Pub_Type 2 18 6 Pub_Year 2019 18 7 Pub_OldID 0 18 8 29824 Judgment and Decision Making, 14(2), 199-213 (2019) Hallgeir Sjåstad Short-sighted greed? Focusing on the future promotes reputation-based generosity /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29824 19 0 Pub_TypeNumber Judgment and Decision Making, 14(2), 199-213 (2019) 19 1 Pub_Writer Hallgeir Sjåstad 19 2 Pub_Title Short-sighted greed? Focusing on the future promotes reputation-based generosity 19 3 Pub_Publication /Files 19 4 Pub_AbstractEn 19 5 Pub_Type 3 19 6 Pub_Year 2019 19 7 Pub_OldID 0 19 8 29823 Norsk Statsvitenskapelig Tidsskrift, 35(1), 28-50 (2019) Torstein Nesheim, Leif Jarle Gressgård, Kåre Hansen og Simon Neby Gjenstridige problemer og tverretatlig samordning: Et analytisk rammeverk /Files/Filer/Publications/Artikkel_Norsk Statsvitenskapelig Tidsskrift_Nesheim mfl.pdf 3 2019 0 PubID 29823 20 0 Pub_TypeNumber Norsk Statsvitenskapelig Tidsskrift, 35(1), 28-50 (2019) 20 1 Pub_Writer Torstein Nesheim, Leif Jarle Gressgård, Kåre Hansen og Simon Neby 20 2 Pub_Title Gjenstridige problemer og tverretatlig samordning: Et analytisk rammeverk 20 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Artikkel_Norsk Statsvitenskapelig Tidsskrift_Nesheim mfl.pdf 20 4 Pub_AbstractEn 20 5 Pub_Type 3 20 6 Pub_Year 2019 20 7 Pub_OldID 0 20 8 29820 Journal of Consumer Marketing (2019) Alexander Jakubanecs, Magne Supphellen, Hege Mathea Haugen and Njål Sivertstøl Developing brand emotions across cultures: effects of self-construal and context /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29820 21 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Consumer Marketing (2019) 21 1 Pub_Writer Alexander Jakubanecs, Magne Supphellen, Hege Mathea Haugen and Njål Sivertstøl 21 2 Pub_Title Developing brand emotions across cultures: effects of self-construal and context 21 3 Pub_Publication /Files 21 4 Pub_AbstractEn 21 5 Pub_Type 3 21 6 Pub_Year 2019 21 7 Pub_OldID 0 21 8 29819 A01/19 Frank Asche og Kristin H. Roll Økt drivstoffpris – konsekvenser for den norske fiskeflåten? /Files/Filer/Publications/A01_19.pdf 1 2019 0 PubID 29819 22 0 Pub_TypeNumber A01/19 22 1 Pub_Writer Frank Asche og Kristin H. Roll 22 2 Pub_Title Økt drivstoffpris – konsekvenser for den norske fiskeflåten? 22 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A01_19.pdf 22 4 Pub_AbstractEn 22 5 Pub_Type 1 22 6 Pub_Year 2019 22 7 Pub_OldID 0 22 8 29818 R01/19 Frank Asche og Kristin H. Roll Økonomiske konsekvenser av økt drivstoffpris for utvalgte segmenter av norsk fiskeflåte /Files/Filer/Publications/R01_19.pdf 2 2019 0 PubID 29818 23 0 Pub_TypeNumber R01/19 23 1 Pub_Writer Frank Asche og Kristin H. Roll 23 2 Pub_Title Økonomiske konsekvenser av økt drivstoffpris for utvalgte segmenter av norsk fiskeflåte 23 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R01_19.pdf 23 4 Pub_AbstractEn 23 5 Pub_Type 2 23 6 Pub_Year 2019 23 7 Pub_OldID 0 23 8 29817 International Journal of Market Research (2019) Alexander Jakubanecs, Magne Supphellen, Alexander Fedorikhin, Hege Mathea Haugen and Njål Sivertstøl Elicitation of salient brand emotions in Western and East Asian markets: The role of elicitation context /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29817 24 0 Pub_TypeNumber International Journal of Market Research (2019) 24 1 Pub_Writer Alexander Jakubanecs, Magne Supphellen, Alexander Fedorikhin, Hege Mathea Haugen and Njål Sivertstøl 24 2 Pub_Title Elicitation of salient brand emotions in Western and East Asian markets: The role of elicitation context 24 3 Pub_Publication /Files 24 4 Pub_AbstractEn 24 5 Pub_Type 3 24 6 Pub_Year 2019 24 7 Pub_OldID 0 24 8 29816 Small Business Economics (2019) Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge and Armando José Garcia Pires Gender, Formality, and Entrepreneurial Success /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29816 25 0 Pub_TypeNumber Small Business Economics (2019) 25 1 Pub_Writer Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge and Armando José Garcia Pires 25 2 Pub_Title Gender, Formality, and Entrepreneurial Success 25 3 Pub_Publication /Files 25 4 Pub_AbstractEn 25 5 Pub_Type 3 25 6 Pub_Year 2019 25 7 Pub_OldID 0 25 8 29815 Magma, nr. 2, 22-28 (2019) Kjersti Berg Danilova, Monica Rydland, Jon Iden og Bendik Bygstad Digitaldirektøren som endringsagent /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29815 26 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 2, 22-28 (2019) 26 1 Pub_Writer Kjersti Berg Danilova, Monica Rydland, Jon Iden og Bendik Bygstad 26 2 Pub_Title Digitaldirektøren som endringsagent 26 3 Pub_Publication /Files 26 4 Pub_AbstractEn 26 5 Pub_Type 3 26 6 Pub_Year 2019 26 7 Pub_OldID 0 26 8 29814 A07/18 Øystein Foros, Hans Jarle Kind and Mai Nguyen-Ones Competition with Personalized Pricing and Strategic Product Differentiation /Files/Filer/Publications/A07_18.pdf <p>Consumers leave increasingly more digital footprints that improve firms&rsquo; ability to practice personalized pricing (first-degree price discrimination). We ask whether there exist strategic effects that reduce firms&rsquo; incentives to do so. To answer this question, we first note that it is optimal for a firm that price discriminates to set the purchasing price equal to marginal costs from consumers who buy from a rival. This is true independently of whether the rival has made any non-price commitments (e.g. strategic product differentiation). In contrast, if a firm uses uniform pricing, the rival has incentives to make strategic commitments that soften competition. Consequently, we find that firms might find it optimal to commit to uniform pricing to avoid being trapped in a highly competitive equilibrium. The key insight is that a firm&rsquo;s incentives to undertake strategic price-softening behavior depend on the rival&rsquo;s choice between uniform and personalized pricing, and not the firm&rsquo;s own choice.</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 29814 27 0 Pub_TypeNumber A07/18 27 1 Pub_Writer Øystein Foros, Hans Jarle Kind and Mai Nguyen-Ones 27 2 Pub_Title Competition with Personalized Pricing and Strategic Product Differentiation 27 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A07_18.pdf 27 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>Consumers leave increasingly more digital footprints that improve firms&rsquo; ability to practice personalized pricing (first-degree price discrimination). We ask whether there exist strategic effects that reduce firms&rsquo; incentives to do so. To answer this question, we first note that it is optimal for a firm that price discriminates to set the purchasing price equal to marginal costs from consumers who buy from a rival. This is true independently of whether the rival has made any non-price commitments (e.g. strategic product differentiation). In contrast, if a firm uses uniform pricing, the rival has incentives to make strategic commitments that soften competition. Consequently, we find that firms might find it optimal to commit to uniform pricing to avoid being trapped in a highly competitive equilibrium. The key insight is that a firm&rsquo;s incentives to undertake strategic price-softening behavior depend on the rival&rsquo;s choice between uniform and personalized pricing, and not the firm&rsquo;s own choice.</p> 27 5 Pub_Type 1 27 6 Pub_Year 2018 27 7 Pub_OldID 0 27 8 29813 R01/18 Eirik Vatne Sysselsetting i petroleumsvirksomhet 2017. Omfang og lokalisering av ansatte i oljeselskap og den spesialiserte leverandørindustrien /Files/Filer/Publications/R01_18_(1).pdf 2 2018 0 PubID 29813 28 0 Pub_TypeNumber R01/18 28 1 Pub_Writer Eirik Vatne 28 2 Pub_Title Sysselsetting i petroleumsvirksomhet 2017. Omfang og lokalisering av ansatte i oljeselskap og den spesialiserte leverandørindustrien 28 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R01_18_(1).pdf 28 4 Pub_AbstractEn 28 5 Pub_Type 2 28 6 Pub_Year 2018 28 7 Pub_OldID 0 28 8 29812 Aquaculture Economics & Management, 22(4), 383-409 (2018) Andrew S. King, Nicholas G. Elliott, Mark A. James, Catriona K. MacLeod and Trond Bjørndal Technology selection - the impact of economic risk on decision making /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29812 29 0 Pub_TypeNumber Aquaculture Economics & Management, 22(4), 383-409 (2018) 29 1 Pub_Writer Andrew S. King, Nicholas G. Elliott, Mark A. James, Catriona K. MacLeod and Trond Bjørndal 29 2 Pub_Title Technology selection - the impact of economic risk on decision making 29 3 Pub_Publication /Files 29 4 Pub_AbstractEn 29 5 Pub_Type 3 29 6 Pub_Year 2018 29 7 Pub_OldID 0 29 8 29811 The Economic Journal (2018) Ari Hyytinen, Frode Steen and Otto Toivanen An Anatomy of Cartel Contracts /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29811 30 0 Pub_TypeNumber The Economic Journal (2018) 30 1 Pub_Writer Ari Hyytinen, Frode Steen and Otto Toivanen 30 2 Pub_Title An Anatomy of Cartel Contracts 30 3 Pub_Publication /Files 30 4 Pub_AbstractEn 30 5 Pub_Type 3 30 6 Pub_Year 2018 30 7 Pub_OldID 0 30 8 29808 2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM) (2019) Roar Os Ådland and Haiying Jia Contractual Barriers and Energy Efficiency in the Crude Oil Supply Chain /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29808 31 0 Pub_TypeNumber 2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM) (2019) 31 1 Pub_Writer Roar Os Ådland and Haiying Jia 31 2 Pub_Title Contractual Barriers and Energy Efficiency in the Crude Oil Supply Chain 31 3 Pub_Publication /Files 31 4 Pub_AbstractEn 31 5 Pub_Type 3 31 6 Pub_Year 2019 31 7 Pub_OldID 0 31 8 29807 A08/18 Ingeborg Louise Gustavsen and Mathias Hove Zimmer A comparison of the Big Four Professional Service Firms /Files/Filer/Publications/A08_18.pdf <p>This working paper provides a description of the Big Four Professional Service Firms (PSF): PwC, EY, KPMG and Deloitte. The working paper is based on publicly available information. It provides an overview of the Big Four PSFs, including their history, revenue, values, services and industries. The working paper describes the four PSFs according to the following topics: organization, recruitment, way of working, technology, corporate social responsibility, and alliances and clients. Overall, the paper offers a brief overview on how the PSFs create value.</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 29807 32 0 Pub_TypeNumber A08/18 32 1 Pub_Writer Ingeborg Louise Gustavsen and Mathias Hove Zimmer 32 2 Pub_Title A comparison of the Big Four Professional Service Firms 32 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A08_18.pdf 32 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This working paper provides a description of the Big Four Professional Service Firms (PSF): PwC, EY, KPMG and Deloitte. The working paper is based on publicly available information. It provides an overview of the Big Four PSFs, including their history, revenue, values, services and industries. The working paper describes the four PSFs according to the following topics: organization, recruitment, way of working, technology, corporate social responsibility, and alliances and clients. Overall, the paper offers a brief overview on how the PSFs create value.</p> 32 5 Pub_Type 1 32 6 Pub_Year 2018 32 7 Pub_OldID 0 32 8 29806 Facilities (2018) Arnt O. Hopland and Sturla Kvamsdal Building conditions in Norwegian local governments: trends and determinants /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29806 33 0 Pub_TypeNumber Facilities (2018) 33 1 Pub_Writer Arnt O. Hopland and Sturla Kvamsdal 33 2 Pub_Title Building conditions in Norwegian local governments: trends and determinants 33 3 Pub_Publication /Files 33 4 Pub_AbstractEn 33 5 Pub_Type 3 33 6 Pub_Year 2018 33 7 Pub_OldID 0 33 8 29805 Nordiske Organisasjonsstudier, 20(1), 25-44 (2018) Anna Reisvaag Lindland, Anja Mikkelson og Torstein Nesheim Kampen om ressursene. Kompetanseutfordringer i en prosjektbasert organisasjon /Files/Filer/Publications/Lindland mfl 2018.pdf 3 2018 0 PubID 29805 34 0 Pub_TypeNumber Nordiske Organisasjonsstudier, 20(1), 25-44 (2018) 34 1 Pub_Writer Anna Reisvaag Lindland, Anja Mikkelson og Torstein Nesheim 34 2 Pub_Title Kampen om ressursene. Kompetanseutfordringer i en prosjektbasert organisasjon 34 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Lindland mfl 2018.pdf 34 4 Pub_AbstractEn 34 5 Pub_Type 3 34 6 Pub_Year 2018 34 7 Pub_OldID 0 34 8 29804 Financial Accountability & Management (2018) Martin Carlsson-Wall, Kalle Kraus, Anita Meidell and Patrik Tran Managing risk in the public sector - The interaction between vernacular and formal risk management systems /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29804 35 0 Pub_TypeNumber Financial Accountability & Management (2018) 35 1 Pub_Writer Martin Carlsson-Wall, Kalle Kraus, Anita Meidell and Patrik Tran 35 2 Pub_Title Managing risk in the public sector - The interaction between vernacular and formal risk management systems 35 3 Pub_Publication /Files 35 4 Pub_AbstractEn 35 5 Pub_Type 3 35 6 Pub_Year 2018 35 7 Pub_OldID 0 35 8 29803 Int. J. Shipping and Transport Logistics, 1(11), 25-40 (2019) Haiying Jia, Vishnu Prakash and Tristan Smith Estimating vessel payloads in bulk shipping using AIS data /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29803 36 0 Pub_TypeNumber Int. J. Shipping and Transport Logistics, 1(11), 25-40 (2019) 36 1 Pub_Writer Haiying Jia, Vishnu Prakash and Tristan Smith 36 2 Pub_Title Estimating vessel payloads in bulk shipping using AIS data 36 3 Pub_Publication /Files 36 4 Pub_AbstractEn 36 5 Pub_Type 3 36 6 Pub_Year 2019 36 7 Pub_OldID 0 36 8 29802 A01/18 Xinlu Qiu, Per Heum and Xiaomei Cheng Internationalization of innovative activities in Norway.US patents involving Norwegian inventors and assignees /Files/Filer/Publications/A01_18.pdf <p>In this working paper we aim to investigate the international pattern of innovation in Norway as it is revealed in patent data from the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The empirical section consists of four parts. We start by considering innovative activities in Norway in an international perspective, and continue by focusing on the growth in patents and their international connectedness as far as US patents involving actors residing in Norway are concerned. Then we investigate the development concerning the international dispersion of co-inventors in these patents and the distribution of co-inventors across countries. Finally, focus is on the top patenting firms in Norway and the international dispersion of co-inventors in their US patents.</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 29802 37 0 Pub_TypeNumber A01/18 37 1 Pub_Writer Xinlu Qiu, Per Heum and Xiaomei Cheng 37 2 Pub_Title Internationalization of innovative activities in Norway.US patents involving Norwegian inventors and assignees 37 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A01_18.pdf 37 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>In this working paper we aim to investigate the international pattern of innovation in Norway as it is revealed in patent data from the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The empirical section consists of four parts. We start by considering innovative activities in Norway in an international perspective, and continue by focusing on the growth in patents and their international connectedness as far as US patents involving actors residing in Norway are concerned. Then we investigate the development concerning the international dispersion of co-inventors in these patents and the distribution of co-inventors across countries. Finally, focus is on the top patenting firms in Norway and the international dispersion of co-inventors in their US patents.</p> 37 5 Pub_Type 1 37 6 Pub_Year 2018 37 7 Pub_OldID 0 37 8 29801 R06/18 Justin A. Harlan Securing Innovation through Corporate Spin-off. An Exploratory Case Study /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_18.pdf <p>This thesis explores how a large established firm can secure and manage technology-based innovation through the use of a corporate spin-off. This study is performed in the setting of a large media firm and its four technology spin-off companies. The inductive findings of this research are then related to the broader literature on corporate spin-offs as well as the literature on organizational ambidexterity.</p> <p>First, this study identifies antecedents conducive to innovation that were present at the parent company and were important for generating the innovation activities; and the study shows that once these antecedents were withdrawn it created doubt in the ability of the established firm to innovate through the spin-off mode in the future. This study also locates key behaviours and actions that the established firm used in its relationship to its innovation initiatives that aided these initiatives both before and after spinning-off. This research then uncovers the chief benefits that the established firm obtained by pursuing its innovation through the spin-off mode and argues that these benefits are the result of the exploitation of the innovations and the spin-off companies achieving ambidexterity themselves.&nbsp;</p> <p>Additionally, this research finds that because of the type of spin-offs that are examined here, where the parent company uses the spin-offs&rsquo; products, the parent was able to avoid the challenges of integrating the innovation that are often mentioned in the literature. Also, this study finds that the use of the parent company as a showroom for the spin-offs&rsquo; products was a considerable advantage that has not been recognized yet within current strategy literature.</p> <p>Finally, this study contends that future organizational ambidexterity research should examine the corporate spin-off mode, because this thesis indicates that it is a fruitful way for an established firm to achieve organizational ambidexterity and that this approach may have unique benefits.</p> 2 2018 0 PubID 29801 38 0 Pub_TypeNumber R06/18 38 1 Pub_Writer Justin A. Harlan 38 2 Pub_Title Securing Innovation through Corporate Spin-off. An Exploratory Case Study 38 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_18.pdf 38 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This thesis explores how a large established firm can secure and manage technology-based innovation through the use of a corporate spin-off. This study is performed in the setting of a large media firm and its four technology spin-off companies. The inductive findings of this research are then related to the broader literature on corporate spin-offs as well as the literature on organizational ambidexterity.</p> <p>First, this study identifies antecedents conducive to innovation that were present at the parent company and were important for generating the innovation activities; and the study shows that once these antecedents were withdrawn it created doubt in the ability of the established firm to innovate through the spin-off mode in the future. This study also locates key behaviours and actions that the established firm used in its relationship to its innovation initiatives that aided these initiatives both before and after spinning-off. This research then uncovers the chief benefits that the established firm obtained by pursuing its innovation through the spin-off mode and argues that these benefits are the result of the exploitation of the innovations and the spin-off companies achieving ambidexterity themselves.&nbsp;</p> <p>Additionally, this research finds that because of the type of spin-offs that are examined here, where the parent company uses the spin-offs&rsquo; products, the parent was able to avoid the challenges of integrating the innovation that are often mentioned in the literature. Also, this study finds that the use of the parent company as a showroom for the spin-offs&rsquo; products was a considerable advantage that has not been recognized yet within current strategy literature.</p> <p>Finally, this study contends that future organizational ambidexterity research should examine the corporate spin-off mode, because this thesis indicates that it is a fruitful way for an established firm to achieve organizational ambidexterity and that this approach may have unique benefits.</p> 38 5 Pub_Type 2 38 6 Pub_Year 2018 38 7 Pub_OldID 0 38 8 29800 Magma, nr. 8, 59-66 (2018) Hallgeir Sjåstad og Helge Thorbjørnsen Når selvkontrollen svikter: Kan dulting bidra til varig atferdsendring? /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29800 39 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 8, 59-66 (2018) 39 1 Pub_Writer Hallgeir Sjåstad og Helge Thorbjørnsen 39 2 Pub_Title Når selvkontrollen svikter: Kan dulting bidra til varig atferdsendring? 39 3 Pub_Publication /Files 39 4 Pub_AbstractEn 39 5 Pub_Type 3 39 6 Pub_Year 2018 39 7 Pub_OldID 0 39 8 29799 Magma, nr. 8, 47-58 (2018) Siv Skard, Lavrans Løvlie og Helge Thorbjørnsen Dulting og tjenestedesign: Dulting for økt produktivitet gjennom kundereisen /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29799 40 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 8, 47-58 (2018) 40 1 Pub_Writer Siv Skard, Lavrans Løvlie og Helge Thorbjørnsen 40 2 Pub_Title Dulting og tjenestedesign: Dulting for økt produktivitet gjennom kundereisen 40 3 Pub_Publication /Files 40 4 Pub_AbstractEn 40 5 Pub_Type 3 40 6 Pub_Year 2018 40 7 Pub_OldID 0 40 8 29798 Magma, nr. 8, 37-46 (2018) Nina M. Iversen og Leif E. Hem Spredning av delingstjenester /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29798 41 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 8, 37-46 (2018) 41 1 Pub_Writer Nina M. Iversen og Leif E. Hem 41 2 Pub_Title Spredning av delingstjenester 41 3 Pub_Publication /Files 41 4 Pub_AbstractEn 41 5 Pub_Type 3 41 6 Pub_Year 2018 41 7 Pub_OldID 0 41 8 29796 R05/18 Anders B. Fløystad and Aleksandra Maria Kjemhus Enhancing Creativity in Global Virtual Teams /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_18.pdf <p>This master thesis examines the relationship between the media richness and frequency of communication on the creative output in global virtual teams. Two thirds of international organisations utilise virtual teams, to solve complex and creative tasks. Through a study of 770 student teams spread over 42 countries, we find that increased communication is not always conducive to creative output. Rather, we find that an increase in synchronous high richness communication positively relates to the creative output in global virtual teams, while increasing asynchronous low richness communication yields the opposite relationship. Our findings also suggest that increased low richness communication shares a stronger positive relationship with relationship conflict than does high richness communication. We therefore suggest that global virtual teams should place a greater emphasis on synchronous high richness communication rather than low richness communication when solving complex tasks.</p> 2 2018 0 PubID 29796 42 0 Pub_TypeNumber R05/18 42 1 Pub_Writer Anders B. Fløystad and Aleksandra Maria Kjemhus 42 2 Pub_Title Enhancing Creativity in Global Virtual Teams 42 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_18.pdf 42 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This master thesis examines the relationship between the media richness and frequency of communication on the creative output in global virtual teams. Two thirds of international organisations utilise virtual teams, to solve complex and creative tasks. Through a study of 770 student teams spread over 42 countries, we find that increased communication is not always conducive to creative output. Rather, we find that an increase in synchronous high richness communication positively relates to the creative output in global virtual teams, while increasing asynchronous low richness communication yields the opposite relationship. Our findings also suggest that increased low richness communication shares a stronger positive relationship with relationship conflict than does high richness communication. We therefore suggest that global virtual teams should place a greater emphasis on synchronous high richness communication rather than low richness communication when solving complex tasks.</p> 42 5 Pub_Type 2 42 6 Pub_Year 2018 42 7 Pub_OldID 0 42 8 29795 Marine Design XIII (Eds. Petti Kujala and Lu Liangliang) (2018) Elizabeth Lindstad, Torstein Ingebrigtsen Bø and Gunnar Eskeland Reducing GHG emissions in shipping - measures and options /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29795 43 0 Pub_TypeNumber Marine Design XIII (Eds. Petti Kujala and Lu Liangliang) (2018) 43 1 Pub_Writer Elizabeth Lindstad, Torstein Ingebrigtsen Bø and Gunnar Eskeland 43 2 Pub_Title Reducing GHG emissions in shipping - measures and options 43 3 Pub_Publication /Files 43 4 Pub_AbstractEn 43 5 Pub_Type 3 43 6 Pub_Year 2018 43 7 Pub_OldID 0 43 8 29794 Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 91, 247-262 (2018) Shiyu Yan and Gunnar Eskeland Greening the vehicle fleet: Norway's CO2-Differentiated registration tax /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29794 44 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 91, 247-262 (2018) 44 1 Pub_Writer Shiyu Yan and Gunnar Eskeland 44 2 Pub_Title Greening the vehicle fleet: Norway's CO2-Differentiated registration tax 44 3 Pub_Publication /Files 44 4 Pub_AbstractEn 44 5 Pub_Type 3 44 6 Pub_Year 2018 44 7 Pub_OldID 0 44 8 29793 Magma, nr. 6, 16-26 (2018) Katarina Kaarbøe, Dan-Richard Knudsen og Anita Meidell Hvordan digitalisering endrer regnskaps- og styringsinformasjonen /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29793 45 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 6, 16-26 (2018) 45 1 Pub_Writer Katarina Kaarbøe, Dan-Richard Knudsen og Anita Meidell 45 2 Pub_Title Hvordan digitalisering endrer regnskaps- og styringsinformasjonen 45 3 Pub_Publication /Files 45 4 Pub_AbstractEn 45 5 Pub_Type 3 45 6 Pub_Year 2018 45 7 Pub_OldID 0 45 8 29792 Magma, nr. 7, 38-48 (2018) Inger Stensaker Radikal endring og innovasjon /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29792 46 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 7, 38-48 (2018) 46 1 Pub_Writer Inger Stensaker 46 2 Pub_Title Radikal endring og innovasjon 46 3 Pub_Publication /Files 46 4 Pub_AbstractEn 46 5 Pub_Type 3 46 6 Pub_Year 2018 46 7 Pub_OldID 0 46 8 29791 Journal of Information & Knowledge Management (2018) Leif Jarle Gressgård and Torstein Nesheim Knowledge Management Systems and Work Improvements: The Moderating Effects of Work Characteristics /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29791 47 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Information & Knowledge Management (2018) 47 1 Pub_Writer Leif Jarle Gressgård and Torstein Nesheim 47 2 Pub_Title Knowledge Management Systems and Work Improvements: The Moderating Effects of Work Characteristics 47 3 Pub_Publication /Files 47 4 Pub_AbstractEn 47 5 Pub_Type 3 47 6 Pub_Year 2018 47 7 Pub_OldID 0 47 8 29790 R04/18 Steinar Hjelset og Andreas Ulfsten Gjenbruk av RPA i norske kommuner /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_18.pdf 2 2018 0 PubID 29790 48 0 Pub_TypeNumber R04/18 48 1 Pub_Writer Steinar Hjelset og Andreas Ulfsten 48 2 Pub_Title Gjenbruk av RPA i norske kommuner 48 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_18.pdf 48 4 Pub_AbstractEn 48 5 Pub_Type 2 48 6 Pub_Year 2018 48 7 Pub_OldID 0 48 8 29789 R03/18 Vilde Koch Fredriksen og Iselin Kvitstein Plattformer og digitale økosystemer. En smakebit på restaurantbransjen i Oslo /Files/Filer/Publications/R03_18.pdf 2 2018 0 PubID 29789 49 0 Pub_TypeNumber R03/18 49 1 Pub_Writer Vilde Koch Fredriksen og Iselin Kvitstein 49 2 Pub_Title Plattformer og digitale økosystemer. En smakebit på restaurantbransjen i Oslo 49 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R03_18.pdf 49 4 Pub_AbstractEn 49 5 Pub_Type 2 49 6 Pub_Year 2018 49 7 Pub_OldID 0 49 8