Siste publikasjoner

29808 2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM) (2019) Roar Os Ådland and Haiying Jia Contractual Barriers and Energy Efficiency in the Crude Oil Supply Chain /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29808 0 0 Pub_TypeNumber 2018 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM) (2019) 0 1 Pub_Writer Roar Os Ådland and Haiying Jia 0 2 Pub_Title Contractual Barriers and Energy Efficiency in the Crude Oil Supply Chain 0 3 Pub_Publication /Files 0 4 Pub_AbstractEn 0 5 Pub_Type 3 0 6 Pub_Year 2019 0 7 Pub_OldID 0 0 8 29807 A08/18 Ingeborg Louise Gustavsen and Mathias Hove Zimmer A comparison of the Big Four Professional Service Firms /Files/Filer/Publications/A08_18.pdf <p>This working paper provides a description of the Big Four Professional Service Firms (PSF): PwC, EY, KPMG and Deloitte. The working paper is based on publicly available information. It provides an overview of the Big Four PSFs, including their history, revenue, values, services and industries. The working paper describes the four PSFs according to the following topics: organization, recruitment, way of working, technology, corporate social responsibility, and alliances and clients. Overall, the paper offers a brief overview on how the PSFs create value.</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 29807 1 0 Pub_TypeNumber A08/18 1 1 Pub_Writer Ingeborg Louise Gustavsen and Mathias Hove Zimmer 1 2 Pub_Title A comparison of the Big Four Professional Service Firms 1 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A08_18.pdf 1 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This working paper provides a description of the Big Four Professional Service Firms (PSF): PwC, EY, KPMG and Deloitte. The working paper is based on publicly available information. It provides an overview of the Big Four PSFs, including their history, revenue, values, services and industries. The working paper describes the four PSFs according to the following topics: organization, recruitment, way of working, technology, corporate social responsibility, and alliances and clients. Overall, the paper offers a brief overview on how the PSFs create value.</p> 1 5 Pub_Type 1 1 6 Pub_Year 2018 1 7 Pub_OldID 0 1 8 29806 Facilities (2018) Arnt O. Hopland and Sturla Kvamsdal Building conditions in Norwegian local governments: trends and determinants /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29806 2 0 Pub_TypeNumber Facilities (2018) 2 1 Pub_Writer Arnt O. Hopland and Sturla Kvamsdal 2 2 Pub_Title Building conditions in Norwegian local governments: trends and determinants 2 3 Pub_Publication /Files 2 4 Pub_AbstractEn 2 5 Pub_Type 3 2 6 Pub_Year 2018 2 7 Pub_OldID 0 2 8 29805 Nordiske Organisasjonsstudier, 20(1), 25-44 (2018) Anna Reisvaag Lindland, Anja Mikkelson og Torstein Nesheim Kampen om ressursene. Kompetanseutfordringer i en prosjektbasert organisasjon /Files/Filer/Publications/Lindland mfl 2018.pdf 3 2018 0 PubID 29805 3 0 Pub_TypeNumber Nordiske Organisasjonsstudier, 20(1), 25-44 (2018) 3 1 Pub_Writer Anna Reisvaag Lindland, Anja Mikkelson og Torstein Nesheim 3 2 Pub_Title Kampen om ressursene. Kompetanseutfordringer i en prosjektbasert organisasjon 3 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Lindland mfl 2018.pdf 3 4 Pub_AbstractEn 3 5 Pub_Type 3 3 6 Pub_Year 2018 3 7 Pub_OldID 0 3 8 29804 Financial Accountability & Management (2018) Martin Carlsson-Wall, Kalle Kraus, Anita Meidell and Patrik Tran Managing risk in the public sector - The interaction between vernacular and formal risk management systems /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29804 4 0 Pub_TypeNumber Financial Accountability & Management (2018) 4 1 Pub_Writer Martin Carlsson-Wall, Kalle Kraus, Anita Meidell and Patrik Tran 4 2 Pub_Title Managing risk in the public sector - The interaction between vernacular and formal risk management systems 4 3 Pub_Publication /Files 4 4 Pub_AbstractEn 4 5 Pub_Type 3 4 6 Pub_Year 2018 4 7 Pub_OldID 0 4 8 29803 Int. J. Shipping and Transport Logistics, 1(11), 25-40 (2019) Haiying Jia, Vishnu Prakash and Tristan Smith Estimating vessel payloads in bulk shipping using AIS data /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29803 5 0 Pub_TypeNumber Int. J. Shipping and Transport Logistics, 1(11), 25-40 (2019) 5 1 Pub_Writer Haiying Jia, Vishnu Prakash and Tristan Smith 5 2 Pub_Title Estimating vessel payloads in bulk shipping using AIS data 5 3 Pub_Publication /Files 5 4 Pub_AbstractEn 5 5 Pub_Type 3 5 6 Pub_Year 2019 5 7 Pub_OldID 0 5 8 29802 A01/18 Xinlu Qiu, Per Heum and Xiaomei Cheng Internationalization of innovative activities in Norway.US patents involving Norwegian inventors and assignees /Files/Filer/Publications/A01_18.pdf <p>In this working paper we aim to investigate the international pattern of innovation in Norway as it is revealed in patent data from the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The empirical section consists of four parts. We start by considering innovative activities in Norway in an international perspective, and continue by focusing on the growth in patents and their international connectedness as far as US patents involving actors residing in Norway are concerned. Then we investigate the development concerning the international dispersion of co-inventors in these patents and the distribution of co-inventors across countries. Finally, focus is on the top patenting firms in Norway and the international dispersion of co-inventors in their US patents.</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 29802 6 0 Pub_TypeNumber A01/18 6 1 Pub_Writer Xinlu Qiu, Per Heum and Xiaomei Cheng 6 2 Pub_Title Internationalization of innovative activities in Norway.US patents involving Norwegian inventors and assignees 6 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A01_18.pdf 6 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>In this working paper we aim to investigate the international pattern of innovation in Norway as it is revealed in patent data from the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The empirical section consists of four parts. We start by considering innovative activities in Norway in an international perspective, and continue by focusing on the growth in patents and their international connectedness as far as US patents involving actors residing in Norway are concerned. Then we investigate the development concerning the international dispersion of co-inventors in these patents and the distribution of co-inventors across countries. Finally, focus is on the top patenting firms in Norway and the international dispersion of co-inventors in their US patents.</p> 6 5 Pub_Type 1 6 6 Pub_Year 2018 6 7 Pub_OldID 0 6 8 29801 R06/18 Justin A. Harlan Securing Innovation through Corporate Spin-off. An Exploratory Case Study /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_18.pdf <p>This thesis explores how a large established firm can secure and manage technology-based innovation through the use of a corporate spin-off. This study is performed in the setting of a large media firm and its four technology spin-off companies. The inductive findings of this research are then related to the broader literature on corporate spin-offs as well as the literature on organizational ambidexterity.</p> <p>First, this study identifies antecedents conducive to innovation that were present at the parent company and were important for generating the innovation activities; and the study shows that once these antecedents were withdrawn it created doubt in the ability of the established firm to innovate through the spin-off mode in the future. This study also locates key behaviours and actions that the established firm used in its relationship to its innovation initiatives that aided these initiatives both before and after spinning-off. This research then uncovers the chief benefits that the established firm obtained by pursuing its innovation through the spin-off mode and argues that these benefits are the result of the exploitation of the innovations and the spin-off companies achieving ambidexterity themselves.&nbsp;</p> <p>Additionally, this research finds that because of the type of spin-offs that are examined here, where the parent company uses the spin-offs&rsquo; products, the parent was able to avoid the challenges of integrating the innovation that are often mentioned in the literature. Also, this study finds that the use of the parent company as a showroom for the spin-offs&rsquo; products was a considerable advantage that has not been recognized yet within current strategy literature.</p> <p>Finally, this study contends that future organizational ambidexterity research should examine the corporate spin-off mode, because this thesis indicates that it is a fruitful way for an established firm to achieve organizational ambidexterity and that this approach may have unique benefits.</p> 2 2018 0 PubID 29801 7 0 Pub_TypeNumber R06/18 7 1 Pub_Writer Justin A. Harlan 7 2 Pub_Title Securing Innovation through Corporate Spin-off. An Exploratory Case Study 7 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_18.pdf 7 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This thesis explores how a large established firm can secure and manage technology-based innovation through the use of a corporate spin-off. This study is performed in the setting of a large media firm and its four technology spin-off companies. The inductive findings of this research are then related to the broader literature on corporate spin-offs as well as the literature on organizational ambidexterity.</p> <p>First, this study identifies antecedents conducive to innovation that were present at the parent company and were important for generating the innovation activities; and the study shows that once these antecedents were withdrawn it created doubt in the ability of the established firm to innovate through the spin-off mode in the future. This study also locates key behaviours and actions that the established firm used in its relationship to its innovation initiatives that aided these initiatives both before and after spinning-off. This research then uncovers the chief benefits that the established firm obtained by pursuing its innovation through the spin-off mode and argues that these benefits are the result of the exploitation of the innovations and the spin-off companies achieving ambidexterity themselves.&nbsp;</p> <p>Additionally, this research finds that because of the type of spin-offs that are examined here, where the parent company uses the spin-offs&rsquo; products, the parent was able to avoid the challenges of integrating the innovation that are often mentioned in the literature. Also, this study finds that the use of the parent company as a showroom for the spin-offs&rsquo; products was a considerable advantage that has not been recognized yet within current strategy literature.</p> <p>Finally, this study contends that future organizational ambidexterity research should examine the corporate spin-off mode, because this thesis indicates that it is a fruitful way for an established firm to achieve organizational ambidexterity and that this approach may have unique benefits.</p> 7 5 Pub_Type 2 7 6 Pub_Year 2018 7 7 Pub_OldID 0 7 8 29800 Magma, nr. 8, 59-66 (2018) Hallgeir Sjåstad og Helge Thorbjørnsen Når selvkontrollen svikter: Kan dulting bidra til varig atferdsendring? /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29800 8 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 8, 59-66 (2018) 8 1 Pub_Writer Hallgeir Sjåstad og Helge Thorbjørnsen 8 2 Pub_Title Når selvkontrollen svikter: Kan dulting bidra til varig atferdsendring? 8 3 Pub_Publication /Files 8 4 Pub_AbstractEn 8 5 Pub_Type 3 8 6 Pub_Year 2018 8 7 Pub_OldID 0 8 8 29799 Magma, nr. 8, 47-58 (2018) Siv Skard, Lavrans Løvlie og Helge Thorbjørnsen Dulting og tjenestedesign: Dulting for økt produktivitet gjennom kundereisen /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29799 9 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 8, 47-58 (2018) 9 1 Pub_Writer Siv Skard, Lavrans Løvlie og Helge Thorbjørnsen 9 2 Pub_Title Dulting og tjenestedesign: Dulting for økt produktivitet gjennom kundereisen 9 3 Pub_Publication /Files 9 4 Pub_AbstractEn 9 5 Pub_Type 3 9 6 Pub_Year 2018 9 7 Pub_OldID 0 9 8 29798 Magma, nr. 8, 37-46 (2018) Nina M. Iversen og Leif E. Hem Spredning av delingstjenester /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29798 10 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 8, 37-46 (2018) 10 1 Pub_Writer Nina M. Iversen og Leif E. Hem 10 2 Pub_Title Spredning av delingstjenester 10 3 Pub_Publication /Files 10 4 Pub_AbstractEn 10 5 Pub_Type 3 10 6 Pub_Year 2018 10 7 Pub_OldID 0 10 8 29796 R05/18 Anders B. Fløystad and Aleksandra Maria Kjemhus Enhancing Creativity in Global Virtual Teams /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_18.pdf <p>This master thesis examines the relationship between the media richness and frequency of communication on the creative output in global virtual teams. Two thirds of international organisations utilise virtual teams, to solve complex and creative tasks. Through a study of 770 student teams spread over 42 countries, we find that increased communication is not always conducive to creative output. Rather, we find that an increase in synchronous high richness communication positively relates to the creative output in global virtual teams, while increasing asynchronous low richness communication yields the opposite relationship. Our findings also suggest that increased low richness communication shares a stronger positive relationship with relationship conflict than does high richness communication. We therefore suggest that global virtual teams should place a greater emphasis on synchronous high richness communication rather than low richness communication when solving complex tasks.</p> 2 2018 0 PubID 29796 11 0 Pub_TypeNumber R05/18 11 1 Pub_Writer Anders B. Fløystad and Aleksandra Maria Kjemhus 11 2 Pub_Title Enhancing Creativity in Global Virtual Teams 11 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_18.pdf 11 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This master thesis examines the relationship between the media richness and frequency of communication on the creative output in global virtual teams. Two thirds of international organisations utilise virtual teams, to solve complex and creative tasks. Through a study of 770 student teams spread over 42 countries, we find that increased communication is not always conducive to creative output. Rather, we find that an increase in synchronous high richness communication positively relates to the creative output in global virtual teams, while increasing asynchronous low richness communication yields the opposite relationship. Our findings also suggest that increased low richness communication shares a stronger positive relationship with relationship conflict than does high richness communication. We therefore suggest that global virtual teams should place a greater emphasis on synchronous high richness communication rather than low richness communication when solving complex tasks.</p> 11 5 Pub_Type 2 11 6 Pub_Year 2018 11 7 Pub_OldID 0 11 8 29795 Marine Design XIII (Eds. Petti Kujala and Lu Liangliang) (2018) Elizabeth Lindstad, Torstein Ingebrigtsen Bø and Gunnar Eskeland Reducing GHG emissions in shipping - measures and options /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29795 12 0 Pub_TypeNumber Marine Design XIII (Eds. Petti Kujala and Lu Liangliang) (2018) 12 1 Pub_Writer Elizabeth Lindstad, Torstein Ingebrigtsen Bø and Gunnar Eskeland 12 2 Pub_Title Reducing GHG emissions in shipping - measures and options 12 3 Pub_Publication /Files 12 4 Pub_AbstractEn 12 5 Pub_Type 3 12 6 Pub_Year 2018 12 7 Pub_OldID 0 12 8 29794 Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 91, 247-262 (2018) Shiyu Yan and Gunnar Eskeland Greening the vehicle fleet: Norway's CO2-Differentiated registration tax /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29794 13 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 91, 247-262 (2018) 13 1 Pub_Writer Shiyu Yan and Gunnar Eskeland 13 2 Pub_Title Greening the vehicle fleet: Norway's CO2-Differentiated registration tax 13 3 Pub_Publication /Files 13 4 Pub_AbstractEn 13 5 Pub_Type 3 13 6 Pub_Year 2018 13 7 Pub_OldID 0 13 8 29793 Magma, nr. 6, 16-26 (2018) Katarina Kaarbøe, Dan-Richard Knudsen og Anita Meidell Hvordan digitalisering endrer regnskaps- og styringsinformasjonen /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29793 14 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 6, 16-26 (2018) 14 1 Pub_Writer Katarina Kaarbøe, Dan-Richard Knudsen og Anita Meidell 14 2 Pub_Title Hvordan digitalisering endrer regnskaps- og styringsinformasjonen 14 3 Pub_Publication /Files 14 4 Pub_AbstractEn 14 5 Pub_Type 3 14 6 Pub_Year 2018 14 7 Pub_OldID 0 14 8 29792 Magma, nr. 7, 38-48 (2018) Inger Stensaker Radikal endring og innovasjon /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29792 15 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 7, 38-48 (2018) 15 1 Pub_Writer Inger Stensaker 15 2 Pub_Title Radikal endring og innovasjon 15 3 Pub_Publication /Files 15 4 Pub_AbstractEn 15 5 Pub_Type 3 15 6 Pub_Year 2018 15 7 Pub_OldID 0 15 8 29791 Journal of Information & Knowledge Management (2018) Leif Jarle Gressgård and Torstein Nesheim Knowledge Management Systems and Work Improvements: The Moderating Effects of Work Characteristics /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29791 16 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Information & Knowledge Management (2018) 16 1 Pub_Writer Leif Jarle Gressgård and Torstein Nesheim 16 2 Pub_Title Knowledge Management Systems and Work Improvements: The Moderating Effects of Work Characteristics 16 3 Pub_Publication /Files 16 4 Pub_AbstractEn 16 5 Pub_Type 3 16 6 Pub_Year 2018 16 7 Pub_OldID 0 16 8 29790 R04/18 Steinar Hjelset og Andreas Ulfsten Gjenbruk av RPA i norske kommuner /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_18.pdf 2 2018 0 PubID 29790 17 0 Pub_TypeNumber R04/18 17 1 Pub_Writer Steinar Hjelset og Andreas Ulfsten 17 2 Pub_Title Gjenbruk av RPA i norske kommuner 17 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_18.pdf 17 4 Pub_AbstractEn 17 5 Pub_Type 2 17 6 Pub_Year 2018 17 7 Pub_OldID 0 17 8 29789 R03/18 Vilde Koch Fredriksen og Iselin Kvitstein Plattformer og digitale økosystemer. En smakebit på restaurantbransjen i Oslo /Files/Filer/Publications/R03_18.pdf 2 2018 0 PubID 29789 18 0 Pub_TypeNumber R03/18 18 1 Pub_Writer Vilde Koch Fredriksen og Iselin Kvitstein 18 2 Pub_Title Plattformer og digitale økosystemer. En smakebit på restaurantbransjen i Oslo 18 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R03_18.pdf 18 4 Pub_AbstractEn 18 5 Pub_Type 2 18 6 Pub_Year 2018 18 7 Pub_OldID 0 18 8 29788 Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 65, 618-634 (2018) Haiying Jia Crude oil trade and green shipping choices /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29788 19 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 65, 618-634 (2018) 19 1 Pub_Writer Haiying Jia 19 2 Pub_Title Crude oil trade and green shipping choices 19 3 Pub_Publication /Files 19 4 Pub_AbstractEn 19 5 Pub_Type 3 19 6 Pub_Year 2018 19 7 Pub_OldID 0 19 8 29787 R07/18 Trond Bjørndal og Amalie Tusvik Økonomisk analyse av alternative produksjonsformer innan oppdrett /Files/Filer/Publications/R07_18_(2).pdf 2 2018 0 PubID 29787 20 0 Pub_TypeNumber R07/18 20 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal og Amalie Tusvik 20 2 Pub_Title Økonomisk analyse av alternative produksjonsformer innan oppdrett 20 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R07_18_(2).pdf 20 4 Pub_AbstractEn 20 5 Pub_Type 2 20 6 Pub_Year 2018 20 7 Pub_OldID 0 20 8 29784 A04/18 Ragnhild Grønn Johannessen og Frida Lobenz Skarstein Proximity in Bank-Borrower Relationships. Are Small and Newly Established Firms Hit Harder by Bank Branch Closures? /Files/Filer/Publications/A04_18.pdf <p>In this paper, we use an empirical approach to provide evidence on the topic of relationship lending, by analysing if small and newly established firms are hit harder by a regional bank withdrawal. We use comprehensive data from the Norwegian banking market, containing information on 127 banks and approximately 70,000 firms. We find that small and newly established firms receive an increase in average interest rate of 2 percentage points after a bank withdrawal. This is 1.7 percentage points higher than for large and mature firms. Small and newly established firms also experience a decrease in debt ratio of 0.027, while the decrease is even more substantial for large and mature firms. Our findings indicate that small and newly established firms are hit harder in terms of increased interest rate, while the decrease in debt ratio could be caused by changes in credit supply or demand. The effects imposed on small and newly established firms do not seem to affect the firms&rsquo; growth, indicating that firms are able to withstand the increased interest rate.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 29784 21 0 Pub_TypeNumber A04/18 21 1 Pub_Writer Ragnhild Grønn Johannessen og Frida Lobenz Skarstein 21 2 Pub_Title Proximity in Bank-Borrower Relationships. Are Small and Newly Established Firms Hit Harder by Bank Branch Closures? 21 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A04_18.pdf 21 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>In this paper, we use an empirical approach to provide evidence on the topic of relationship lending, by analysing if small and newly established firms are hit harder by a regional bank withdrawal. We use comprehensive data from the Norwegian banking market, containing information on 127 banks and approximately 70,000 firms. We find that small and newly established firms receive an increase in average interest rate of 2 percentage points after a bank withdrawal. This is 1.7 percentage points higher than for large and mature firms. Small and newly established firms also experience a decrease in debt ratio of 0.027, while the decrease is even more substantial for large and mature firms. Our findings indicate that small and newly established firms are hit harder in terms of increased interest rate, while the decrease in debt ratio could be caused by changes in credit supply or demand. The effects imposed on small and newly established firms do not seem to affect the firms&rsquo; growth, indicating that firms are able to withstand the increased interest rate.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 21 5 Pub_Type 1 21 6 Pub_Year 2018 21 7 Pub_OldID 0 21 8 28787 A03/18 Kurt R. Brekke, Tor Helge Holmås, Karin Monstad og Odd Rune Straume How does the type of remuneration affect physician behaviour? Fixed salary versus fee-for-service /Files/Filer/Publications/A_0318.pdf <p>We analyse the effects of fee-for-service versus fixed salary on the treatment decisions of general practitioners (GPs) and on patients&rsquo; health outcomes. Using rich Norwegian register data during 2009-2013, we find that GPs respond strongly and consistently to changes in remuneration type. Compared with fixed salary, GP payment by fee-for-service leads to an increase in the supply of consultations and a higher provision of medical services (along several dimensions) per consultation. This has also significant implications for patients&rsquo; health outcomes, with a close to 20 percent reduction in the probability of an emergency hospital admission shortly after a GP consultation.</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 28787 22 0 Pub_TypeNumber A03/18 22 1 Pub_Writer Kurt R. Brekke, Tor Helge Holmås, Karin Monstad og Odd Rune Straume 22 2 Pub_Title How does the type of remuneration affect physician behaviour? Fixed salary versus fee-for-service 22 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A_0318.pdf 22 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>We analyse the effects of fee-for-service versus fixed salary on the treatment decisions of general practitioners (GPs) and on patients&rsquo; health outcomes. Using rich Norwegian register data during 2009-2013, we find that GPs respond strongly and consistently to changes in remuneration type. Compared with fixed salary, GP payment by fee-for-service leads to an increase in the supply of consultations and a higher provision of medical services (along several dimensions) per consultation. This has also significant implications for patients&rsquo; health outcomes, with a close to 20 percent reduction in the probability of an emergency hospital admission shortly after a GP consultation.</p> 22 5 Pub_Type 1 22 6 Pub_Year 2018 22 7 Pub_OldID 0 22 8 28786 A02/18 Kurt R. Brekke, Tor Helge Holmås, Karin Monstad og Odd Rune Straume Competition and physician behaviour: Does the competitive environment affect the propensity to issue sickness certificates? /Files/Filer/Publications/A_0218.pdf <p>Competition among physicians is widespread, but compelling empirical evidence on its impact on service provision is limited, mainly due to endogeneity issues. In this paper we exploit that many GPs, in addition to own practice, work in local emergency centres, where the matching of patients to GPs is random. The same GP is observed both with competition (own practice) and without (emergency centre). Using high-dimensional fixed- effect models, we find that GPs with a fee-for-service (fixed-salary) contract are 12 (8) percentage points more likely to certify sick leave at own practice than at the emergency centre. Thus, competition has a positive impact on GPs.sicklisting that is strongly reinforced by financial incentives.</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 28786 23 0 Pub_TypeNumber A02/18 23 1 Pub_Writer Kurt R. Brekke, Tor Helge Holmås, Karin Monstad og Odd Rune Straume 23 2 Pub_Title Competition and physician behaviour: Does the competitive environment affect the propensity to issue sickness certificates? 23 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A_0218.pdf 23 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>Competition among physicians is widespread, but compelling empirical evidence on its impact on service provision is limited, mainly due to endogeneity issues. In this paper we exploit that many GPs, in addition to own practice, work in local emergency centres, where the matching of patients to GPs is random. The same GP is observed both with competition (own practice) and without (emergency centre). Using high-dimensional fixed- effect models, we find that GPs with a fee-for-service (fixed-salary) contract are 12 (8) percentage points more likely to certify sick leave at own practice than at the emergency centre. Thus, competition has a positive impact on GPs.sicklisting that is strongly reinforced by financial incentives.</p> 23 5 Pub_Type 1 23 6 Pub_Year 2018 23 7 Pub_OldID 0 23 8 28785 A17/17 Karl Eilertsen Barvik og Magnus Sveen Nygaard Konkurranse og effektivitet i det norske sparebankmarkedet. En empirisk analyse av konkurranse og effektivitet blant norske sparebanker i perioden 1997-2013 /Files/Filer/Publications/A17_17.pdf 1 2017 0 PubID 28785 24 0 Pub_TypeNumber A17/17 24 1 Pub_Writer Karl Eilertsen Barvik og Magnus Sveen Nygaard 24 2 Pub_Title Konkurranse og effektivitet i det norske sparebankmarkedet. En empirisk analyse av konkurranse og effektivitet blant norske sparebanker i perioden 1997-2013 24 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A17_17.pdf 24 4 Pub_AbstractEn 24 5 Pub_Type 1 24 6 Pub_Year 2017 24 7 Pub_OldID 0 24 8 28784 A16/17 Morten Sæthre Local Bank Competition, Loan Rates and Risk /Files/Filer/Publications/A_1617.pdf <p>This paper investigates the effect of competition on the relation between borrowers&rsquo; risk and interest rates in the market for business loans. I estimate the relationship between the loan rates and risk of closure conditional on the local market structure using detailed data on loan payments between individual firms and banks from Norway. The findings show that increased competition is associated with lower rates for less risky and higher rates for more risky loans. Comparing markets with three competing banks compared to a single bank, rates for loans to firms that closed down during the loan period were approximately 50 basis points higher, while loans to firms that did not close down were approximately 20 basis points lower.</p> 1 2017 0 PubID 28784 25 0 Pub_TypeNumber A16/17 25 1 Pub_Writer Morten Sæthre 25 2 Pub_Title Local Bank Competition, Loan Rates and Risk 25 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A_1617.pdf 25 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This paper investigates the effect of competition on the relation between borrowers&rsquo; risk and interest rates in the market for business loans. I estimate the relationship between the loan rates and risk of closure conditional on the local market structure using detailed data on loan payments between individual firms and banks from Norway. The findings show that increased competition is associated with lower rates for less risky and higher rates for more risky loans. Comparing markets with three competing banks compared to a single bank, rates for loans to firms that closed down during the loan period were approximately 50 basis points higher, while loans to firms that did not close down were approximately 20 basis points lower.</p> 25 5 Pub_Type 1 25 6 Pub_Year 2017 25 7 Pub_OldID 0 25 8 28783 Magma, nr. 5, 52-60 (2018) Berit Sund og Synnøve Nesse Emosjonsregulering i ledelse på tvers av organisatoriske og nasjonale grenser /Files/Filer/Publications/Magma 1805 Sund og Nesse.pdf 3 2018 0 PubID 28783 26 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 5, 52-60 (2018) 26 1 Pub_Writer Berit Sund og Synnøve Nesse 26 2 Pub_Title Emosjonsregulering i ledelse på tvers av organisatoriske og nasjonale grenser 26 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Magma 1805 Sund og Nesse.pdf 26 4 Pub_AbstractEn 26 5 Pub_Type 3 26 6 Pub_Year 2018 26 7 Pub_OldID 0 26 8 28782 Magma, nr. 5, 61-70 (2018) Synnøve Nesse Hvordan sikre innovasjon ved å samarbeide med en konkurrent? /Files/Filer/Publications/Magma 1805 Nesse.pdf 3 2018 0 PubID 28782 27 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 5, 61-70 (2018) 27 1 Pub_Writer Synnøve Nesse 27 2 Pub_Title Hvordan sikre innovasjon ved å samarbeide med en konkurrent? 27 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Magma 1805 Nesse.pdf 27 4 Pub_AbstractEn 27 5 Pub_Type 3 27 6 Pub_Year 2018 27 7 Pub_OldID 0 27 8 28781 Journal of Business Research, 91, 221-232 (2018) Alexander Jakubanecs, Alexander Fedorikhin and Nina Marianne Iversen Consumer responses to hedonic food products: Healthy cake or indulgent cake? Could dialecticism be the answer? /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 28781 28 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Business Research, 91, 221-232 (2018) 28 1 Pub_Writer Alexander Jakubanecs, Alexander Fedorikhin and Nina Marianne Iversen 28 2 Pub_Title Consumer responses to hedonic food products: Healthy cake or indulgent cake? Could dialecticism be the answer? 28 3 Pub_Publication /Files 28 4 Pub_AbstractEn 28 5 Pub_Type 3 28 6 Pub_Year 2018 28 7 Pub_OldID 0 28 8 28780 International Journal of Knowledge Management Studies, 9(1), 18-30 (2018) Isabell Schonhowd Haagensen, Eline Katrin Helland and Torstein Nesheim Enhancing knowledge articulation in communities of practices: The role of the community leader /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 28780 29 0 Pub_TypeNumber International Journal of Knowledge Management Studies, 9(1), 18-30 (2018) 29 1 Pub_Writer Isabell Schonhowd Haagensen, Eline Katrin Helland and Torstein Nesheim 29 2 Pub_Title Enhancing knowledge articulation in communities of practices: The role of the community leader 29 3 Pub_Publication /Files 29 4 Pub_AbstractEn 29 5 Pub_Type 3 29 6 Pub_Year 2018 29 7 Pub_OldID 0 29 8 28779 Magma, 21(1), 62-70 (2018) Julia Tropina Bakke, Arnt Ove Hopland og Jarle Møen Effekten av strengere internprisingsregler på overskuddsflytting i flernasjonale foretak /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 28779 30 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, 21(1), 62-70 (2018) 30 1 Pub_Writer Julia Tropina Bakke, Arnt Ove Hopland og Jarle Møen 30 2 Pub_Title Effekten av strengere internprisingsregler på overskuddsflytting i flernasjonale foretak 30 3 Pub_Publication /Files 30 4 Pub_AbstractEn 30 5 Pub_Type 3 30 6 Pub_Year 2018 30 7 Pub_OldID 0 30 8 28778 Energy, 150, 992-1005 (2018) Endre Bjørndal, Mette Bjørndal, Kjetil Trovik Midthun and Asgeir Tomasgard Stochastic electricity dispatch: A challenge for market design /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 28778 31 0 Pub_TypeNumber Energy, 150, 992-1005 (2018) 31 1 Pub_Writer Endre Bjørndal, Mette Bjørndal, Kjetil Trovik Midthun and Asgeir Tomasgard 31 2 Pub_Title Stochastic electricity dispatch: A challenge for market design 31 3 Pub_Publication /Files 31 4 Pub_AbstractEn 31 5 Pub_Type 3 31 6 Pub_Year 2018 31 7 Pub_OldID 0 31 8 27778 American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 100(3), 889-905 (2018) Ragnar Arnason, Trond Bjørndal, Daniel V. Gordon and Mintewab Bezabih Measuring Potential Rents in the North Sea Herring Fishery /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 27778 32 0 Pub_TypeNumber American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 100(3), 889-905 (2018) 32 1 Pub_Writer Ragnar Arnason, Trond Bjørndal, Daniel V. Gordon and Mintewab Bezabih 32 2 Pub_Title Measuring Potential Rents in the North Sea Herring Fishery 32 3 Pub_Publication /Files 32 4 Pub_AbstractEn 32 5 Pub_Type 3 32 6 Pub_Year 2018 32 7 Pub_OldID 0 32 8 27776 Facilities, 36(5/6), 230-243 (2018) Arnt Ove Hopland and Sturla F. Kvamsdal Concerns among local government facility managers: a Norwegian survey /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 27776 33 0 Pub_TypeNumber Facilities, 36(5/6), 230-243 (2018) 33 1 Pub_Writer Arnt Ove Hopland and Sturla F. Kvamsdal 33 2 Pub_Title Concerns among local government facility managers: a Norwegian survey 33 3 Pub_Publication /Files 33 4 Pub_AbstractEn 33 5 Pub_Type 3 33 6 Pub_Year 2018 33 7 Pub_OldID 0 33 8 26777 R02/18 Torstein Nesheim Hva kjennetegner Oljedirektoratets organisasjon? /Files/Filer/Publications/R02_18.pdf 2 2018 0 PubID 26777 34 0 Pub_TypeNumber R02/18 34 1 Pub_Writer Torstein Nesheim 34 2 Pub_Title Hva kjennetegner Oljedirektoratets organisasjon? 34 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R02_18.pdf 34 4 Pub_AbstractEn 34 5 Pub_Type 2 34 6 Pub_Year 2018 34 7 Pub_OldID 0 34 8 26776 International Game Theory Review (2018) Evangelos Toumasatos and Stein Ivar Steinshamn Coalition Formation with Externalities: The Case of the Northeast Atlantic Mackerel Fishery in a Pre-and Post-Brexit Context /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 26776 35 0 Pub_TypeNumber International Game Theory Review (2018) 35 1 Pub_Writer Evangelos Toumasatos and Stein Ivar Steinshamn 35 2 Pub_Title Coalition Formation with Externalities: The Case of the Northeast Atlantic Mackerel Fishery in a Pre-and Post-Brexit Context 35 3 Pub_Publication /Files 35 4 Pub_AbstractEn 35 5 Pub_Type 3 35 6 Pub_Year 2018 35 7 Pub_OldID 0 35 8 25777 R09/17 Helle Kristine Fossbakk og Andreas Lunde Lossius Hvordan styre og tenke dynamisk ved bruk av scenarioer /Files/Filer/Publications/R09_17.pdf 2 2017 0 PubID 25777 36 0 Pub_TypeNumber R09/17 36 1 Pub_Writer Helle Kristine Fossbakk og Andreas Lunde Lossius 36 2 Pub_Title Hvordan styre og tenke dynamisk ved bruk av scenarioer 36 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R09_17.pdf 36 4 Pub_AbstractEn 36 5 Pub_Type 2 36 6 Pub_Year 2017 36 7 Pub_OldID 0 36 8 25776 R08/17 Truls Hiis Bergh og Cedrik W. Dagousset En investeringsprosess sin påvirkning på prosjektgjennomføring /Files/Filer/Publications/R08_17.pdf 2 2017 0 PubID 25776 37 0 Pub_TypeNumber R08/17 37 1 Pub_Writer Truls Hiis Bergh og Cedrik W. Dagousset 37 2 Pub_Title En investeringsprosess sin påvirkning på prosjektgjennomføring 37 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R08_17.pdf 37 4 Pub_AbstractEn 37 5 Pub_Type 2 37 6 Pub_Year 2017 37 7 Pub_OldID 0 37 8 24776 R06/17 Ove Rein Hetland, Aksel Mjøs og Li Zhang Det norske bedriftsbankmarkedet. En beskrivende analyse av bankmarkedet for norske bedriftskunder /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_17_.pdf 2 2017 0 PubID 24776 38 0 Pub_TypeNumber R06/17 38 1 Pub_Writer Ove Rein Hetland, Aksel Mjøs og Li Zhang 38 2 Pub_Title Det norske bedriftsbankmarkedet. En beskrivende analyse av bankmarkedet for norske bedriftskunder 38 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_17_.pdf 38 4 Pub_AbstractEn 38 5 Pub_Type 2 38 6 Pub_Year 2017 38 7 Pub_OldID 0 38 8 24774 Aquaculture Economics & Management, 21(4), 433-451 (2017) Trond Bjørndal and Jordi Guillen Market integration between wild and farmed species in Spain /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 24774 39 0 Pub_TypeNumber Aquaculture Economics & Management, 21(4), 433-451 (2017) 39 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal and Jordi Guillen 39 2 Pub_Title Market integration between wild and farmed species in Spain 39 3 Pub_Publication /Files 39 4 Pub_AbstractEn 39 5 Pub_Type 3 39 6 Pub_Year 2017 39 7 Pub_OldID 0 39 8 24773 Academy of Management Proceedings, 1, 17731 (2017) Synnøve Nesse A Framework for Developing Organizational Crisis Leadership: An Integration of Multiple Perspectives /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 24773 40 0 Pub_TypeNumber Academy of Management Proceedings, 1, 17731 (2017) 40 1 Pub_Writer Synnøve Nesse 40 2 Pub_Title A Framework for Developing Organizational Crisis Leadership: An Integration of Multiple Perspectives 40 3 Pub_Publication /Files 40 4 Pub_AbstractEn 40 5 Pub_Type 3 40 6 Pub_Year 2017 40 7 Pub_OldID 0 40 8 24772 A15/17 Simen A. Ulsaker Competition and risk taking in the banking industry: The case of capital requirements /Files/Filer/Publications/A15_2017.pdf <p>This article examines how stricter capital requirements affect competition and risk-taking incentives in the banking industry. When banks choose their risk profiles by solving portfolio problems, there is a clear trade-off between competition and risk taking: stricter capital requirements restrict risk taking but soften competition for deposits. The clear trade-off disappears when banks compete in a loan market rather than choose their risk profiles directly. In this case, stricter capital requirements will lead to less risk taking only if they also lead to stronger competition in the loan market.</p> 1 2017 0 PubID 24772 41 0 Pub_TypeNumber A15/17 41 1 Pub_Writer Simen A. Ulsaker 41 2 Pub_Title Competition and risk taking in the banking industry: The case of capital requirements 41 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A15_2017.pdf 41 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This article examines how stricter capital requirements affect competition and risk-taking incentives in the banking industry. When banks choose their risk profiles by solving portfolio problems, there is a clear trade-off between competition and risk taking: stricter capital requirements restrict risk taking but soften competition for deposits. The clear trade-off disappears when banks compete in a loan market rather than choose their risk profiles directly. In this case, stricter capital requirements will lead to less risk taking only if they also lead to stronger competition in the loan market.</p> 41 5 Pub_Type 1 41 6 Pub_Year 2017 41 7 Pub_OldID 0 41 8 24771 Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 50, 409-417 (2017) Haakon Elizabeth Lindstad, Gunnar Eskeland and Agathe Isabelle Rialland Batteries in offshore support vessels - Pollution, climate impact and economics /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 24771 42 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 50, 409-417 (2017) 42 1 Pub_Writer Haakon Elizabeth Lindstad, Gunnar Eskeland and Agathe Isabelle Rialland 42 2 Pub_Title Batteries in offshore support vessels - Pollution, climate impact and economics 42 3 Pub_Publication /Files 42 4 Pub_AbstractEn 42 5 Pub_Type 3 42 6 Pub_Year 2017 42 7 Pub_OldID 0 42 8 24770 Journal of Cleaner Production, 178, 1-13 (2018) Roar Adland, Pierre Cariou, Haiying Jia and Francois-Charles Wolff The energy efficiency effects of periodic ship hull cleaning /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 24770 43 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Cleaner Production, 178, 1-13 (2018) 43 1 Pub_Writer Roar Adland, Pierre Cariou, Haiying Jia and Francois-Charles Wolff 43 2 Pub_Title The energy efficiency effects of periodic ship hull cleaning 43 3 Pub_Publication /Files 43 4 Pub_AbstractEn 43 5 Pub_Type 3 43 6 Pub_Year 2018 43 7 Pub_OldID 0 43 8 24768 A14/17 Leif K. Sandal, Sturla F. Kvamsdal, José M. Maroto and Manuel Morán A contraction approach to periodic optimization problems /Files/Filer/Publications/A14_17.pdf Consider an infinite horizon, multi-dimensional optimization problem with arbitrary but finite periodicity in discrete time. The problem can be posed as a set of coupled equations. We show that the problem is a special case of a more general class of problems, that the general class has a unique solution, and that the solution can be obtained with the help of a contraction operator. Special cases include the classical Bellman problem and stochastic problem formulations. Thus, we view our approach as an extension of the Bellman problem to the special case of non-autonomy that periodicity represents, and we thereby pave the way for consistent and rigorous treatment of, for example, seasonality in discrete, dynamic optimization. We demonstrate our method in a simple example with periodic variation in the objective function. 1 2017 0 PubID 24768 44 0 Pub_TypeNumber A14/17 44 1 Pub_Writer Leif K. Sandal, Sturla F. Kvamsdal, José M. Maroto and Manuel Morán 44 2 Pub_Title A contraction approach to periodic optimization problems 44 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A14_17.pdf 44 4 Pub_AbstractEn Consider an infinite horizon, multi-dimensional optimization problem with arbitrary but finite periodicity in discrete time. The problem can be posed as a set of coupled equations. We show that the problem is a special case of a more general class of problems, that the general class has a unique solution, and that the solution can be obtained with the help of a contraction operator. Special cases include the classical Bellman problem and stochastic problem formulations. Thus, we view our approach as an extension of the Bellman problem to the special case of non-autonomy that periodicity represents, and we thereby pave the way for consistent and rigorous treatment of, for example, seasonality in discrete, dynamic optimization. We demonstrate our method in a simple example with periodic variation in the objective function. 44 5 Pub_Type 1 44 6 Pub_Year 2017 44 7 Pub_OldID 0 44 8 24767 Social Science & Medicine, 196, 166-174 (2018) Afsane Bjorvatn Private or public hospital ownership: Does it really matter? /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 24767 45 0 Pub_TypeNumber Social Science & Medicine, 196, 166-174 (2018) 45 1 Pub_Writer Afsane Bjorvatn 45 2 Pub_Title Private or public hospital ownership: Does it really matter? 45 3 Pub_Publication /Files 45 4 Pub_AbstractEn 45 5 Pub_Type 3 45 6 Pub_Year 2018 45 7 Pub_OldID 0 45 8 24766 Journal of East-West Business, 1-23 (2017) Alexander Jakubanecs, Magne Supphellen and James G. Helgeson Crisis Management Across Borders: Effects of a Crisis Event on Consumer Responses and Communication Strategies in Norway and Russia /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 24766 46 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of East-West Business, 1-23 (2017) 46 1 Pub_Writer Alexander Jakubanecs, Magne Supphellen and James G. Helgeson 46 2 Pub_Title Crisis Management Across Borders: Effects of a Crisis Event on Consumer Responses and Communication Strategies in Norway and Russia 46 3 Pub_Publication /Files 46 4 Pub_AbstractEn 46 5 Pub_Type 3 46 6 Pub_Year 2017 46 7 Pub_OldID 0 46 8 24765 R05/17 Line Torsøe og Sandra Gjester Hoel Digital kompetanseutvikling - En analyse av to tiltak i NRK /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_17.pdf 2 2017 0 PubID 24765 47 0 Pub_TypeNumber R05/17 47 1 Pub_Writer Line Torsøe og Sandra Gjester Hoel 47 2 Pub_Title Digital kompetanseutvikling - En analyse av to tiltak i NRK 47 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_17.pdf 47 4 Pub_AbstractEn 47 5 Pub_Type 2 47 6 Pub_Year 2017 47 7 Pub_OldID 0 47 8 24764 R04/17 Henrik Kyte Assmann og Ivar Bergem Strand «Start Smart» En eksperimentell longitudinell studie av oppstartsaktiviteter i team /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_17.pdf 2 2017 0 PubID 24764 48 0 Pub_TypeNumber R04/17 48 1 Pub_Writer Henrik Kyte Assmann og Ivar Bergem Strand 48 2 Pub_Title «Start Smart» En eksperimentell longitudinell studie av oppstartsaktiviteter i team 48 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_17.pdf 48 4 Pub_AbstractEn 48 5 Pub_Type 2 48 6 Pub_Year 2017 48 7 Pub_OldID 0 48 8 23764 Computational Economics, 1-20 (2017) Sturla F. Kvamsdal Indexing of Technical Change in Aggregated Data /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 23764 49 0 Pub_TypeNumber Computational Economics, 1-20 (2017) 49 1 Pub_Writer Sturla F. Kvamsdal 49 2 Pub_Title Indexing of Technical Change in Aggregated Data 49 3 Pub_Publication /Files 49 4 Pub_AbstractEn 49 5 Pub_Type 3 49 6 Pub_Year 2017 49 7 Pub_OldID 0 49 8