Siste publikasjoner

29803 Int. J. Shipping and Transport Logistics, 1(11), 25-40 (2019) Haiying Jia, Vishnu Prakash and Tristan Smith Estimating vessel payloads in bulk shipping using AIS data /Files 3 2019 0 PubID 29803 0 0 Pub_TypeNumber Int. J. Shipping and Transport Logistics, 1(11), 25-40 (2019) 0 1 Pub_Writer Haiying Jia, Vishnu Prakash and Tristan Smith 0 2 Pub_Title Estimating vessel payloads in bulk shipping using AIS data 0 3 Pub_Publication /Files 0 4 Pub_AbstractEn 0 5 Pub_Type 3 0 6 Pub_Year 2019 0 7 Pub_OldID 0 0 8 29802 A01/18 Xinlu Qiu, Per Heum and Xiaomei Cheng Internationalization of innovative activities in Norway.US patents involving Norwegian inventors and assignees /Files/Filer/Publications/A01_18.pdf <p>In this working paper we aim to investigate the international pattern of innovation in Norway as it is revealed in patent data from the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The empirical section consists of four parts. We start by considering innovative activities in Norway in an international perspective, and continue by focusing on the growth in patents and their international connectedness as far as US patents involving actors residing in Norway are concerned. Then we investigate the development concerning the international dispersion of co-inventors in these patents and the distribution of co-inventors across countries. Finally, focus is on the top patenting firms in Norway and the international dispersion of co-inventors in their US patents.</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 29802 1 0 Pub_TypeNumber A01/18 1 1 Pub_Writer Xinlu Qiu, Per Heum and Xiaomei Cheng 1 2 Pub_Title Internationalization of innovative activities in Norway.US patents involving Norwegian inventors and assignees 1 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A01_18.pdf 1 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>In this working paper we aim to investigate the international pattern of innovation in Norway as it is revealed in patent data from the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The empirical section consists of four parts. We start by considering innovative activities in Norway in an international perspective, and continue by focusing on the growth in patents and their international connectedness as far as US patents involving actors residing in Norway are concerned. Then we investigate the development concerning the international dispersion of co-inventors in these patents and the distribution of co-inventors across countries. Finally, focus is on the top patenting firms in Norway and the international dispersion of co-inventors in their US patents.</p> 1 5 Pub_Type 1 1 6 Pub_Year 2018 1 7 Pub_OldID 0 1 8 29801 R06/18 Justin A. Harlan Securing Innovation through Corporate Spin-off. An Exploratory Case Study /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_18.pdf <p>This thesis explores how a large established firm can secure and manage technology-based innovation through the use of a corporate spin-off. This study is performed in the setting of a large media firm and its four technology spin-off companies. The inductive findings of this research are then related to the broader literature on corporate spin-offs as well as the literature on organizational ambidexterity.</p> <p>First, this study identifies antecedents conducive to innovation that were present at the parent company and were important for generating the innovation activities; and the study shows that once these antecedents were withdrawn it created doubt in the ability of the established firm to innovate through the spin-off mode in the future. This study also locates key behaviours and actions that the established firm used in its relationship to its innovation initiatives that aided these initiatives both before and after spinning-off. This research then uncovers the chief benefits that the established firm obtained by pursuing its innovation through the spin-off mode and argues that these benefits are the result of the exploitation of the innovations and the spin-off companies achieving ambidexterity themselves.&nbsp;</p> <p>Additionally, this research finds that because of the type of spin-offs that are examined here, where the parent company uses the spin-offs&rsquo; products, the parent was able to avoid the challenges of integrating the innovation that are often mentioned in the literature. Also, this study finds that the use of the parent company as a showroom for the spin-offs&rsquo; products was a considerable advantage that has not been recognized yet within current strategy literature.</p> <p>Finally, this study contends that future organizational ambidexterity research should examine the corporate spin-off mode, because this thesis indicates that it is a fruitful way for an established firm to achieve organizational ambidexterity and that this approach may have unique benefits.</p> 2 2018 0 PubID 29801 2 0 Pub_TypeNumber R06/18 2 1 Pub_Writer Justin A. Harlan 2 2 Pub_Title Securing Innovation through Corporate Spin-off. An Exploratory Case Study 2 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_18.pdf 2 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This thesis explores how a large established firm can secure and manage technology-based innovation through the use of a corporate spin-off. This study is performed in the setting of a large media firm and its four technology spin-off companies. The inductive findings of this research are then related to the broader literature on corporate spin-offs as well as the literature on organizational ambidexterity.</p> <p>First, this study identifies antecedents conducive to innovation that were present at the parent company and were important for generating the innovation activities; and the study shows that once these antecedents were withdrawn it created doubt in the ability of the established firm to innovate through the spin-off mode in the future. This study also locates key behaviours and actions that the established firm used in its relationship to its innovation initiatives that aided these initiatives both before and after spinning-off. This research then uncovers the chief benefits that the established firm obtained by pursuing its innovation through the spin-off mode and argues that these benefits are the result of the exploitation of the innovations and the spin-off companies achieving ambidexterity themselves.&nbsp;</p> <p>Additionally, this research finds that because of the type of spin-offs that are examined here, where the parent company uses the spin-offs&rsquo; products, the parent was able to avoid the challenges of integrating the innovation that are often mentioned in the literature. Also, this study finds that the use of the parent company as a showroom for the spin-offs&rsquo; products was a considerable advantage that has not been recognized yet within current strategy literature.</p> <p>Finally, this study contends that future organizational ambidexterity research should examine the corporate spin-off mode, because this thesis indicates that it is a fruitful way for an established firm to achieve organizational ambidexterity and that this approach may have unique benefits.</p> 2 5 Pub_Type 2 2 6 Pub_Year 2018 2 7 Pub_OldID 0 2 8 29800 Magma, nr. 8, 59-66 (2018) Hallgeir Sjåstad og Helge Thorbjørnsen Når selvkontrollen svikter: Kan dulting bidra til varig atferdsendring? /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29800 3 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 8, 59-66 (2018) 3 1 Pub_Writer Hallgeir Sjåstad og Helge Thorbjørnsen 3 2 Pub_Title Når selvkontrollen svikter: Kan dulting bidra til varig atferdsendring? 3 3 Pub_Publication /Files 3 4 Pub_AbstractEn 3 5 Pub_Type 3 3 6 Pub_Year 2018 3 7 Pub_OldID 0 3 8 29799 Magma, nr. 8, 47-58 (2018) Siv Skard, Lavrans Løvlie og Helge Thorbjørnsen Dulting og tjenestedesign: Dulting for økt produktivitet gjennom kundereisen /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29799 4 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 8, 47-58 (2018) 4 1 Pub_Writer Siv Skard, Lavrans Løvlie og Helge Thorbjørnsen 4 2 Pub_Title Dulting og tjenestedesign: Dulting for økt produktivitet gjennom kundereisen 4 3 Pub_Publication /Files 4 4 Pub_AbstractEn 4 5 Pub_Type 3 4 6 Pub_Year 2018 4 7 Pub_OldID 0 4 8 29798 Magma, nr. 8, 37-46 (2018) Nina M. Iversen og Leif E. Hem Spredning av delingstjenester /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29798 5 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 8, 37-46 (2018) 5 1 Pub_Writer Nina M. Iversen og Leif E. Hem 5 2 Pub_Title Spredning av delingstjenester 5 3 Pub_Publication /Files 5 4 Pub_AbstractEn 5 5 Pub_Type 3 5 6 Pub_Year 2018 5 7 Pub_OldID 0 5 8 29797 Int. J. Shipping and Transport Logistics (2018) Haiying Jia, Vishnu Prakash and Tristan Smith Estimating vessel payloads in bulk shipping using AIS data /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29797 6 0 Pub_TypeNumber Int. J. Shipping and Transport Logistics (2018) 6 1 Pub_Writer Haiying Jia, Vishnu Prakash and Tristan Smith 6 2 Pub_Title Estimating vessel payloads in bulk shipping using AIS data 6 3 Pub_Publication /Files 6 4 Pub_AbstractEn 6 5 Pub_Type 3 6 6 Pub_Year 2018 6 7 Pub_OldID 0 6 8 29796 R05/18 Anders B. Fløystad and Aleksandra Maria Kjemhus Enhancing Creativity in Global Virtual Teams /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_18.pdf <p>This master thesis examines the relationship between the media richness and frequency of communication on the creative output in global virtual teams. Two thirds of international organisations utilise virtual teams, to solve complex and creative tasks. Through a study of 770 student teams spread over 42 countries, we find that increased communication is not always conducive to creative output. Rather, we find that an increase in synchronous high richness communication positively relates to the creative output in global virtual teams, while increasing asynchronous low richness communication yields the opposite relationship. Our findings also suggest that increased low richness communication shares a stronger positive relationship with relationship conflict than does high richness communication. We therefore suggest that global virtual teams should place a greater emphasis on synchronous high richness communication rather than low richness communication when solving complex tasks.</p> 2 2018 0 PubID 29796 7 0 Pub_TypeNumber R05/18 7 1 Pub_Writer Anders B. Fløystad and Aleksandra Maria Kjemhus 7 2 Pub_Title Enhancing Creativity in Global Virtual Teams 7 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_18.pdf 7 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This master thesis examines the relationship between the media richness and frequency of communication on the creative output in global virtual teams. Two thirds of international organisations utilise virtual teams, to solve complex and creative tasks. Through a study of 770 student teams spread over 42 countries, we find that increased communication is not always conducive to creative output. Rather, we find that an increase in synchronous high richness communication positively relates to the creative output in global virtual teams, while increasing asynchronous low richness communication yields the opposite relationship. Our findings also suggest that increased low richness communication shares a stronger positive relationship with relationship conflict than does high richness communication. We therefore suggest that global virtual teams should place a greater emphasis on synchronous high richness communication rather than low richness communication when solving complex tasks.</p> 7 5 Pub_Type 2 7 6 Pub_Year 2018 7 7 Pub_OldID 0 7 8 29795 Marine Design XIII (Eds. Petti Kujala and Lu Liangliang) (2018) Elizabeth Lindstad, Torstein Ingebrigtsen Bø and Gunnar Eskeland Reducing GHG emissions in shipping - measures and options /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29795 8 0 Pub_TypeNumber Marine Design XIII (Eds. Petti Kujala and Lu Liangliang) (2018) 8 1 Pub_Writer Elizabeth Lindstad, Torstein Ingebrigtsen Bø and Gunnar Eskeland 8 2 Pub_Title Reducing GHG emissions in shipping - measures and options 8 3 Pub_Publication /Files 8 4 Pub_AbstractEn 8 5 Pub_Type 3 8 6 Pub_Year 2018 8 7 Pub_OldID 0 8 8 29794 Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 91, 247-262 (2018) Shiyu Yan and Gunnar Eskeland Greening the vehicle fleet: Norway's CO2-Differentiated registration tax /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29794 9 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 91, 247-262 (2018) 9 1 Pub_Writer Shiyu Yan and Gunnar Eskeland 9 2 Pub_Title Greening the vehicle fleet: Norway's CO2-Differentiated registration tax 9 3 Pub_Publication /Files 9 4 Pub_AbstractEn 9 5 Pub_Type 3 9 6 Pub_Year 2018 9 7 Pub_OldID 0 9 8 29793 Magma, nr. 6, 16-26 (2018) Katarina Kaarbøe, Dan-Richard Knudsen og Anita Meidell Hvordan digitalisering endrer regnskaps- og styringsinformasjonen /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29793 10 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 6, 16-26 (2018) 10 1 Pub_Writer Katarina Kaarbøe, Dan-Richard Knudsen og Anita Meidell 10 2 Pub_Title Hvordan digitalisering endrer regnskaps- og styringsinformasjonen 10 3 Pub_Publication /Files 10 4 Pub_AbstractEn 10 5 Pub_Type 3 10 6 Pub_Year 2018 10 7 Pub_OldID 0 10 8 29792 Magma, nr. 7, 38-48 (2018) Inger Stensaker Radikal endring og innovasjon /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29792 11 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 7, 38-48 (2018) 11 1 Pub_Writer Inger Stensaker 11 2 Pub_Title Radikal endring og innovasjon 11 3 Pub_Publication /Files 11 4 Pub_AbstractEn 11 5 Pub_Type 3 11 6 Pub_Year 2018 11 7 Pub_OldID 0 11 8 29791 Journal of Information & Knowledge Management (2018) Leif Jarle Gressgård and Torstein Nesheim Knowledge Management Systems and Work Improvements: The Moderating Effects of Work Characteristics /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29791 12 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Information & Knowledge Management (2018) 12 1 Pub_Writer Leif Jarle Gressgård and Torstein Nesheim 12 2 Pub_Title Knowledge Management Systems and Work Improvements: The Moderating Effects of Work Characteristics 12 3 Pub_Publication /Files 12 4 Pub_AbstractEn 12 5 Pub_Type 3 12 6 Pub_Year 2018 12 7 Pub_OldID 0 12 8 29790 R04/18 Steinar Hjelset og Andreas Ulfsten Gjenbruk av RPA i norske kommuner /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_18.pdf 2 2018 0 PubID 29790 13 0 Pub_TypeNumber R04/18 13 1 Pub_Writer Steinar Hjelset og Andreas Ulfsten 13 2 Pub_Title Gjenbruk av RPA i norske kommuner 13 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_18.pdf 13 4 Pub_AbstractEn 13 5 Pub_Type 2 13 6 Pub_Year 2018 13 7 Pub_OldID 0 13 8 29789 R03/18 Vilde Koch Fredriksen og Iselin Kvitstein Plattformer og digitale økosystemer. En smakebit på restaurantbransjen i Oslo /Files/Filer/Publications/R03_18.pdf 2 2018 0 PubID 29789 14 0 Pub_TypeNumber R03/18 14 1 Pub_Writer Vilde Koch Fredriksen og Iselin Kvitstein 14 2 Pub_Title Plattformer og digitale økosystemer. En smakebit på restaurantbransjen i Oslo 14 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R03_18.pdf 14 4 Pub_AbstractEn 14 5 Pub_Type 2 14 6 Pub_Year 2018 14 7 Pub_OldID 0 14 8 29788 Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 65, 618-634 (2018) Haiying Jia Crude oil trade and green shipping choices /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 29788 15 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 65, 618-634 (2018) 15 1 Pub_Writer Haiying Jia 15 2 Pub_Title Crude oil trade and green shipping choices 15 3 Pub_Publication /Files 15 4 Pub_AbstractEn 15 5 Pub_Type 3 15 6 Pub_Year 2018 15 7 Pub_OldID 0 15 8 29787 R07/18 Trond Bjørndal og Amalie Tusvik Økonomisk analyse av alternative produksjonsformer innan oppdrett /Files/Filer/Publications/R07_18_(2).pdf 2 2018 0 PubID 29787 16 0 Pub_TypeNumber R07/18 16 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal og Amalie Tusvik 16 2 Pub_Title Økonomisk analyse av alternative produksjonsformer innan oppdrett 16 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R07_18_(2).pdf 16 4 Pub_AbstractEn 16 5 Pub_Type 2 16 6 Pub_Year 2018 16 7 Pub_OldID 0 16 8 29784 A04/18 Ragnhild Grønn Johannessen og Frida Lobenz Skarstein Proximity in Bank-Borrower Relationships. Are Small and Newly Established Firms Hit Harder by Bank Branch Closures? /Files/Filer/Publications/A04_18.pdf <p>In this paper, we use an empirical approach to provide evidence on the topic of relationship lending, by analysing if small and newly established firms are hit harder by a regional bank withdrawal. We use comprehensive data from the Norwegian banking market, containing information on 127 banks and approximately 70,000 firms. We find that small and newly established firms receive an increase in average interest rate of 2 percentage points after a bank withdrawal. This is 1.7 percentage points higher than for large and mature firms. Small and newly established firms also experience a decrease in debt ratio of 0.027, while the decrease is even more substantial for large and mature firms. Our findings indicate that small and newly established firms are hit harder in terms of increased interest rate, while the decrease in debt ratio could be caused by changes in credit supply or demand. The effects imposed on small and newly established firms do not seem to affect the firms&rsquo; growth, indicating that firms are able to withstand the increased interest rate.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 29784 17 0 Pub_TypeNumber A04/18 17 1 Pub_Writer Ragnhild Grønn Johannessen og Frida Lobenz Skarstein 17 2 Pub_Title Proximity in Bank-Borrower Relationships. Are Small and Newly Established Firms Hit Harder by Bank Branch Closures? 17 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A04_18.pdf 17 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>In this paper, we use an empirical approach to provide evidence on the topic of relationship lending, by analysing if small and newly established firms are hit harder by a regional bank withdrawal. We use comprehensive data from the Norwegian banking market, containing information on 127 banks and approximately 70,000 firms. We find that small and newly established firms receive an increase in average interest rate of 2 percentage points after a bank withdrawal. This is 1.7 percentage points higher than for large and mature firms. Small and newly established firms also experience a decrease in debt ratio of 0.027, while the decrease is even more substantial for large and mature firms. Our findings indicate that small and newly established firms are hit harder in terms of increased interest rate, while the decrease in debt ratio could be caused by changes in credit supply or demand. The effects imposed on small and newly established firms do not seem to affect the firms&rsquo; growth, indicating that firms are able to withstand the increased interest rate.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> 17 5 Pub_Type 1 17 6 Pub_Year 2018 17 7 Pub_OldID 0 17 8 28787 A03/18 Kurt R. Brekke, Tor Helge Holmås, Karin Monstad og Odd Rune Straume How does the type of remuneration affect physician behaviour? Fixed salary versus fee-for-service /Files/Filer/Publications/A_0318.pdf <p>We analyse the effects of fee-for-service versus fixed salary on the treatment decisions of general practitioners (GPs) and on patients&rsquo; health outcomes. Using rich Norwegian register data during 2009-2013, we find that GPs respond strongly and consistently to changes in remuneration type. Compared with fixed salary, GP payment by fee-for-service leads to an increase in the supply of consultations and a higher provision of medical services (along several dimensions) per consultation. This has also significant implications for patients&rsquo; health outcomes, with a close to 20 percent reduction in the probability of an emergency hospital admission shortly after a GP consultation.</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 28787 18 0 Pub_TypeNumber A03/18 18 1 Pub_Writer Kurt R. Brekke, Tor Helge Holmås, Karin Monstad og Odd Rune Straume 18 2 Pub_Title How does the type of remuneration affect physician behaviour? Fixed salary versus fee-for-service 18 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A_0318.pdf 18 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>We analyse the effects of fee-for-service versus fixed salary on the treatment decisions of general practitioners (GPs) and on patients&rsquo; health outcomes. Using rich Norwegian register data during 2009-2013, we find that GPs respond strongly and consistently to changes in remuneration type. Compared with fixed salary, GP payment by fee-for-service leads to an increase in the supply of consultations and a higher provision of medical services (along several dimensions) per consultation. This has also significant implications for patients&rsquo; health outcomes, with a close to 20 percent reduction in the probability of an emergency hospital admission shortly after a GP consultation.</p> 18 5 Pub_Type 1 18 6 Pub_Year 2018 18 7 Pub_OldID 0 18 8 28786 A02/18 Kurt R. Brekke, Tor Helge Holmås, Karin Monstad og Odd Rune Straume Competition and physician behaviour: Does the competitive environment affect the propensity to issue sickness certificates? /Files/Filer/Publications/A_0218.pdf <p>Competition among physicians is widespread, but compelling empirical evidence on its impact on service provision is limited, mainly due to endogeneity issues. In this paper we exploit that many GPs, in addition to own practice, work in local emergency centres, where the matching of patients to GPs is random. The same GP is observed both with competition (own practice) and without (emergency centre). Using high-dimensional fixed- effect models, we find that GPs with a fee-for-service (fixed-salary) contract are 12 (8) percentage points more likely to certify sick leave at own practice than at the emergency centre. Thus, competition has a positive impact on GPs.sicklisting that is strongly reinforced by financial incentives.</p> 1 2018 0 PubID 28786 19 0 Pub_TypeNumber A02/18 19 1 Pub_Writer Kurt R. Brekke, Tor Helge Holmås, Karin Monstad og Odd Rune Straume 19 2 Pub_Title Competition and physician behaviour: Does the competitive environment affect the propensity to issue sickness certificates? 19 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A_0218.pdf 19 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>Competition among physicians is widespread, but compelling empirical evidence on its impact on service provision is limited, mainly due to endogeneity issues. In this paper we exploit that many GPs, in addition to own practice, work in local emergency centres, where the matching of patients to GPs is random. The same GP is observed both with competition (own practice) and without (emergency centre). Using high-dimensional fixed- effect models, we find that GPs with a fee-for-service (fixed-salary) contract are 12 (8) percentage points more likely to certify sick leave at own practice than at the emergency centre. Thus, competition has a positive impact on GPs.sicklisting that is strongly reinforced by financial incentives.</p> 19 5 Pub_Type 1 19 6 Pub_Year 2018 19 7 Pub_OldID 0 19 8 28785 A17/17 Karl Eilertsen Barvik og Magnus Sveen Nygaard Konkurranse og effektivitet i det norske sparebankmarkedet. En empirisk analyse av konkurranse og effektivitet blant norske sparebanker i perioden 1997-2013 /Files/Filer/Publications/A17_17.pdf 1 2017 0 PubID 28785 20 0 Pub_TypeNumber A17/17 20 1 Pub_Writer Karl Eilertsen Barvik og Magnus Sveen Nygaard 20 2 Pub_Title Konkurranse og effektivitet i det norske sparebankmarkedet. En empirisk analyse av konkurranse og effektivitet blant norske sparebanker i perioden 1997-2013 20 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A17_17.pdf 20 4 Pub_AbstractEn 20 5 Pub_Type 1 20 6 Pub_Year 2017 20 7 Pub_OldID 0 20 8 28784 A16/17 Morten Sæthre Local Bank Competition, Loan Rates and Risk /Files/Filer/Publications/A_1617.pdf <p>This paper investigates the effect of competition on the relation between borrowers&rsquo; risk and interest rates in the market for business loans. I estimate the relationship between the loan rates and risk of closure conditional on the local market structure using detailed data on loan payments between individual firms and banks from Norway. The findings show that increased competition is associated with lower rates for less risky and higher rates for more risky loans. Comparing markets with three competing banks compared to a single bank, rates for loans to firms that closed down during the loan period were approximately 50 basis points higher, while loans to firms that did not close down were approximately 20 basis points lower.</p> 1 2017 0 PubID 28784 21 0 Pub_TypeNumber A16/17 21 1 Pub_Writer Morten Sæthre 21 2 Pub_Title Local Bank Competition, Loan Rates and Risk 21 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A_1617.pdf 21 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This paper investigates the effect of competition on the relation between borrowers&rsquo; risk and interest rates in the market for business loans. I estimate the relationship between the loan rates and risk of closure conditional on the local market structure using detailed data on loan payments between individual firms and banks from Norway. The findings show that increased competition is associated with lower rates for less risky and higher rates for more risky loans. Comparing markets with three competing banks compared to a single bank, rates for loans to firms that closed down during the loan period were approximately 50 basis points higher, while loans to firms that did not close down were approximately 20 basis points lower.</p> 21 5 Pub_Type 1 21 6 Pub_Year 2017 21 7 Pub_OldID 0 21 8 28783 Magma, nr. 5, 52-60 (2018) Berit Sund og Synnøve Nesse Emosjonsregulering i ledelse på tvers av organisatoriske og nasjonale grenser /Files/Filer/Publications/Magma 1805 Sund og Nesse.pdf 3 2018 0 PubID 28783 22 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 5, 52-60 (2018) 22 1 Pub_Writer Berit Sund og Synnøve Nesse 22 2 Pub_Title Emosjonsregulering i ledelse på tvers av organisatoriske og nasjonale grenser 22 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Magma 1805 Sund og Nesse.pdf 22 4 Pub_AbstractEn 22 5 Pub_Type 3 22 6 Pub_Year 2018 22 7 Pub_OldID 0 22 8 28782 Magma, nr. 5, 61-70 (2018) Synnøve Nesse Hvordan sikre innovasjon ved å samarbeide med en konkurrent? /Files/Filer/Publications/Magma 1805 Nesse.pdf 3 2018 0 PubID 28782 23 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, nr. 5, 61-70 (2018) 23 1 Pub_Writer Synnøve Nesse 23 2 Pub_Title Hvordan sikre innovasjon ved å samarbeide med en konkurrent? 23 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/Magma 1805 Nesse.pdf 23 4 Pub_AbstractEn 23 5 Pub_Type 3 23 6 Pub_Year 2018 23 7 Pub_OldID 0 23 8 28781 Journal of Business Research, 91, 221-232 (2018) Alexander Jakubanecs, Alexander Fedorikhin and Nina Marianne Iversen Consumer responses to hedonic food products: Healthy cake or indulgent cake? Could dialecticism be the answer? /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 28781 24 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Business Research, 91, 221-232 (2018) 24 1 Pub_Writer Alexander Jakubanecs, Alexander Fedorikhin and Nina Marianne Iversen 24 2 Pub_Title Consumer responses to hedonic food products: Healthy cake or indulgent cake? Could dialecticism be the answer? 24 3 Pub_Publication /Files 24 4 Pub_AbstractEn 24 5 Pub_Type 3 24 6 Pub_Year 2018 24 7 Pub_OldID 0 24 8 28780 International Journal of Knowledge Management Studies, 9(1), 18-30 (2018) Isabell Schonhowd Haagensen, Eline Katrin Helland and Torstein Nesheim Enhancing knowledge articulation in communities of practices: The role of the community leader /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 28780 25 0 Pub_TypeNumber International Journal of Knowledge Management Studies, 9(1), 18-30 (2018) 25 1 Pub_Writer Isabell Schonhowd Haagensen, Eline Katrin Helland and Torstein Nesheim 25 2 Pub_Title Enhancing knowledge articulation in communities of practices: The role of the community leader 25 3 Pub_Publication /Files 25 4 Pub_AbstractEn 25 5 Pub_Type 3 25 6 Pub_Year 2018 25 7 Pub_OldID 0 25 8 28779 Magma, 21(1), 62-70 (2018) Julia Tropina Bakke, Arnt Ove Hopland og Jarle Møen Effekten av strengere internprisingsregler på overskuddsflytting i flernasjonale foretak /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 28779 26 0 Pub_TypeNumber Magma, 21(1), 62-70 (2018) 26 1 Pub_Writer Julia Tropina Bakke, Arnt Ove Hopland og Jarle Møen 26 2 Pub_Title Effekten av strengere internprisingsregler på overskuddsflytting i flernasjonale foretak 26 3 Pub_Publication /Files 26 4 Pub_AbstractEn 26 5 Pub_Type 3 26 6 Pub_Year 2018 26 7 Pub_OldID 0 26 8 28778 Energy, 150, 992-1005 (2018) Endre Bjørndal, Mette Bjørndal, Kjetil Trovik Midthun and Asgeir Tomasgard Stochastic electricity dispatch: A challenge for market design /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 28778 27 0 Pub_TypeNumber Energy, 150, 992-1005 (2018) 27 1 Pub_Writer Endre Bjørndal, Mette Bjørndal, Kjetil Trovik Midthun and Asgeir Tomasgard 27 2 Pub_Title Stochastic electricity dispatch: A challenge for market design 27 3 Pub_Publication /Files 27 4 Pub_AbstractEn 27 5 Pub_Type 3 27 6 Pub_Year 2018 27 7 Pub_OldID 0 27 8 27778 American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 100(3), 889-905 (2018) Ragnar Arnason, Trond Bjørndal, Daniel V. Gordon and Mintewab Bezabih Measuring Potential Rents in the North Sea Herring Fishery /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 27778 28 0 Pub_TypeNumber American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 100(3), 889-905 (2018) 28 1 Pub_Writer Ragnar Arnason, Trond Bjørndal, Daniel V. Gordon and Mintewab Bezabih 28 2 Pub_Title Measuring Potential Rents in the North Sea Herring Fishery 28 3 Pub_Publication /Files 28 4 Pub_AbstractEn 28 5 Pub_Type 3 28 6 Pub_Year 2018 28 7 Pub_OldID 0 28 8 27776 Facilities, 36(5/6), 230-243 (2018) Arnt Ove Hopland and Sturla F. Kvamsdal Concerns among local government facility managers: a Norwegian survey /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 27776 29 0 Pub_TypeNumber Facilities, 36(5/6), 230-243 (2018) 29 1 Pub_Writer Arnt Ove Hopland and Sturla F. Kvamsdal 29 2 Pub_Title Concerns among local government facility managers: a Norwegian survey 29 3 Pub_Publication /Files 29 4 Pub_AbstractEn 29 5 Pub_Type 3 29 6 Pub_Year 2018 29 7 Pub_OldID 0 29 8 26777 R02/18 Torstein Nesheim Hva kjennetegner Oljedirektoratets organisasjon? /Files/Filer/Publications/R02_18.pdf 2 2018 0 PubID 26777 30 0 Pub_TypeNumber R02/18 30 1 Pub_Writer Torstein Nesheim 30 2 Pub_Title Hva kjennetegner Oljedirektoratets organisasjon? 30 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R02_18.pdf 30 4 Pub_AbstractEn 30 5 Pub_Type 2 30 6 Pub_Year 2018 30 7 Pub_OldID 0 30 8 26776 International Game Theory Review (2018) Evangelos Toumasatos and Stein Ivar Steinshamn Coalition Formation with Externalities: The Case of the Northeast Atlantic Mackerel Fishery in a Pre-and Post-Brexit Context /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 26776 31 0 Pub_TypeNumber International Game Theory Review (2018) 31 1 Pub_Writer Evangelos Toumasatos and Stein Ivar Steinshamn 31 2 Pub_Title Coalition Formation with Externalities: The Case of the Northeast Atlantic Mackerel Fishery in a Pre-and Post-Brexit Context 31 3 Pub_Publication /Files 31 4 Pub_AbstractEn 31 5 Pub_Type 3 31 6 Pub_Year 2018 31 7 Pub_OldID 0 31 8 25777 R09/17 Helle Kristine Fossbakk og Andreas Lunde Lossius Hvordan styre og tenke dynamisk ved bruk av scenarioer /Files/Filer/Publications/R09_17.pdf 2 2017 0 PubID 25777 32 0 Pub_TypeNumber R09/17 32 1 Pub_Writer Helle Kristine Fossbakk og Andreas Lunde Lossius 32 2 Pub_Title Hvordan styre og tenke dynamisk ved bruk av scenarioer 32 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R09_17.pdf 32 4 Pub_AbstractEn 32 5 Pub_Type 2 32 6 Pub_Year 2017 32 7 Pub_OldID 0 32 8 25776 R08/17 Truls Hiis Bergh og Cedrik W. Dagousset En investeringsprosess sin påvirkning på prosjektgjennomføring /Files/Filer/Publications/R08_17.pdf 2 2017 0 PubID 25776 33 0 Pub_TypeNumber R08/17 33 1 Pub_Writer Truls Hiis Bergh og Cedrik W. Dagousset 33 2 Pub_Title En investeringsprosess sin påvirkning på prosjektgjennomføring 33 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R08_17.pdf 33 4 Pub_AbstractEn 33 5 Pub_Type 2 33 6 Pub_Year 2017 33 7 Pub_OldID 0 33 8 24776 R06/17 Ove Rein Hetland, Aksel Mjøs og Li Zhang Det norske bedriftsbankmarkedet. En beskrivende analyse av bankmarkedet for norske bedriftskunder /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_17_.pdf 2 2017 0 PubID 24776 34 0 Pub_TypeNumber R06/17 34 1 Pub_Writer Ove Rein Hetland, Aksel Mjøs og Li Zhang 34 2 Pub_Title Det norske bedriftsbankmarkedet. En beskrivende analyse av bankmarkedet for norske bedriftskunder 34 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R06_17_.pdf 34 4 Pub_AbstractEn 34 5 Pub_Type 2 34 6 Pub_Year 2017 34 7 Pub_OldID 0 34 8 24774 Aquaculture Economics & Management, 21(4), 433-451 (2017) Trond Bjørndal and Jordi Guillen Market integration between wild and farmed species in Spain /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 24774 35 0 Pub_TypeNumber Aquaculture Economics & Management, 21(4), 433-451 (2017) 35 1 Pub_Writer Trond Bjørndal and Jordi Guillen 35 2 Pub_Title Market integration between wild and farmed species in Spain 35 3 Pub_Publication /Files 35 4 Pub_AbstractEn 35 5 Pub_Type 3 35 6 Pub_Year 2017 35 7 Pub_OldID 0 35 8 24773 Academy of Management Proceedings, 1, 17731 (2017) Synnøve Nesse A Framework for Developing Organizational Crisis Leadership: An Integration of Multiple Perspectives /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 24773 36 0 Pub_TypeNumber Academy of Management Proceedings, 1, 17731 (2017) 36 1 Pub_Writer Synnøve Nesse 36 2 Pub_Title A Framework for Developing Organizational Crisis Leadership: An Integration of Multiple Perspectives 36 3 Pub_Publication /Files 36 4 Pub_AbstractEn 36 5 Pub_Type 3 36 6 Pub_Year 2017 36 7 Pub_OldID 0 36 8 24772 A15/17 Simen A. Ulsaker Competition and risk taking in the banking industry: The case of capital requirements /Files/Filer/Publications/A15_2017.pdf <p>This article examines how stricter capital requirements affect competition and risk-taking incentives in the banking industry. When banks choose their risk profiles by solving portfolio problems, there is a clear trade-off between competition and risk taking: stricter capital requirements restrict risk taking but soften competition for deposits. The clear trade-off disappears when banks compete in a loan market rather than choose their risk profiles directly. In this case, stricter capital requirements will lead to less risk taking only if they also lead to stronger competition in the loan market.</p> 1 2017 0 PubID 24772 37 0 Pub_TypeNumber A15/17 37 1 Pub_Writer Simen A. Ulsaker 37 2 Pub_Title Competition and risk taking in the banking industry: The case of capital requirements 37 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A15_2017.pdf 37 4 Pub_AbstractEn <p>This article examines how stricter capital requirements affect competition and risk-taking incentives in the banking industry. When banks choose their risk profiles by solving portfolio problems, there is a clear trade-off between competition and risk taking: stricter capital requirements restrict risk taking but soften competition for deposits. The clear trade-off disappears when banks compete in a loan market rather than choose their risk profiles directly. In this case, stricter capital requirements will lead to less risk taking only if they also lead to stronger competition in the loan market.</p> 37 5 Pub_Type 1 37 6 Pub_Year 2017 37 7 Pub_OldID 0 37 8 24771 Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 50, 409-417 (2017) Haakon Elizabeth Lindstad, Gunnar Eskeland and Agathe Isabelle Rialland Batteries in offshore support vessels - Pollution, climate impact and economics /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 24771 38 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 50, 409-417 (2017) 38 1 Pub_Writer Haakon Elizabeth Lindstad, Gunnar Eskeland and Agathe Isabelle Rialland 38 2 Pub_Title Batteries in offshore support vessels - Pollution, climate impact and economics 38 3 Pub_Publication /Files 38 4 Pub_AbstractEn 38 5 Pub_Type 3 38 6 Pub_Year 2017 38 7 Pub_OldID 0 38 8 24770 Journal of Cleaner Production, 178, 1-13 (2018) Roar Adland, Pierre Cariou, Haiying Jia and Francois-Charles Wolff The energy efficiency effects of periodic ship hull cleaning /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 24770 39 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of Cleaner Production, 178, 1-13 (2018) 39 1 Pub_Writer Roar Adland, Pierre Cariou, Haiying Jia and Francois-Charles Wolff 39 2 Pub_Title The energy efficiency effects of periodic ship hull cleaning 39 3 Pub_Publication /Files 39 4 Pub_AbstractEn 39 5 Pub_Type 3 39 6 Pub_Year 2018 39 7 Pub_OldID 0 39 8 24768 A14/17 Leif K. Sandal, Sturla F. Kvamsdal, José M. Maroto and Manuel Morán A contraction approach to periodic optimization problems /Files/Filer/Publications/A14_17.pdf Consider an infinite horizon, multi-dimensional optimization problem with arbitrary but finite periodicity in discrete time. The problem can be posed as a set of coupled equations. We show that the problem is a special case of a more general class of problems, that the general class has a unique solution, and that the solution can be obtained with the help of a contraction operator. Special cases include the classical Bellman problem and stochastic problem formulations. Thus, we view our approach as an extension of the Bellman problem to the special case of non-autonomy that periodicity represents, and we thereby pave the way for consistent and rigorous treatment of, for example, seasonality in discrete, dynamic optimization. We demonstrate our method in a simple example with periodic variation in the objective function. 1 2017 0 PubID 24768 40 0 Pub_TypeNumber A14/17 40 1 Pub_Writer Leif K. Sandal, Sturla F. Kvamsdal, José M. Maroto and Manuel Morán 40 2 Pub_Title A contraction approach to periodic optimization problems 40 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/A14_17.pdf 40 4 Pub_AbstractEn Consider an infinite horizon, multi-dimensional optimization problem with arbitrary but finite periodicity in discrete time. The problem can be posed as a set of coupled equations. We show that the problem is a special case of a more general class of problems, that the general class has a unique solution, and that the solution can be obtained with the help of a contraction operator. Special cases include the classical Bellman problem and stochastic problem formulations. Thus, we view our approach as an extension of the Bellman problem to the special case of non-autonomy that periodicity represents, and we thereby pave the way for consistent and rigorous treatment of, for example, seasonality in discrete, dynamic optimization. We demonstrate our method in a simple example with periodic variation in the objective function. 40 5 Pub_Type 1 40 6 Pub_Year 2017 40 7 Pub_OldID 0 40 8 24767 Social Science & Medicine, 196, 166-174 (2018) Afsane Bjorvatn Private or public hospital ownership: Does it really matter? /Files 3 2018 0 PubID 24767 41 0 Pub_TypeNumber Social Science & Medicine, 196, 166-174 (2018) 41 1 Pub_Writer Afsane Bjorvatn 41 2 Pub_Title Private or public hospital ownership: Does it really matter? 41 3 Pub_Publication /Files 41 4 Pub_AbstractEn 41 5 Pub_Type 3 41 6 Pub_Year 2018 41 7 Pub_OldID 0 41 8 24766 Journal of East-West Business, 1-23 (2017) Alexander Jakubanecs, Magne Supphellen and James G. Helgeson Crisis Management Across Borders: Effects of a Crisis Event on Consumer Responses and Communication Strategies in Norway and Russia /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 24766 42 0 Pub_TypeNumber Journal of East-West Business, 1-23 (2017) 42 1 Pub_Writer Alexander Jakubanecs, Magne Supphellen and James G. Helgeson 42 2 Pub_Title Crisis Management Across Borders: Effects of a Crisis Event on Consumer Responses and Communication Strategies in Norway and Russia 42 3 Pub_Publication /Files 42 4 Pub_AbstractEn 42 5 Pub_Type 3 42 6 Pub_Year 2017 42 7 Pub_OldID 0 42 8 24765 R05/17 Line Torsøe og Sandra Gjester Hoel Digital kompetanseutvikling - En analyse av to tiltak i NRK /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_17.pdf 2 2017 0 PubID 24765 43 0 Pub_TypeNumber R05/17 43 1 Pub_Writer Line Torsøe og Sandra Gjester Hoel 43 2 Pub_Title Digital kompetanseutvikling - En analyse av to tiltak i NRK 43 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R05_17.pdf 43 4 Pub_AbstractEn 43 5 Pub_Type 2 43 6 Pub_Year 2017 43 7 Pub_OldID 0 43 8 24764 R04/17 Henrik Kyte Assmann og Ivar Bergem Strand «Start Smart» En eksperimentell longitudinell studie av oppstartsaktiviteter i team /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_17.pdf 2 2017 0 PubID 24764 44 0 Pub_TypeNumber R04/17 44 1 Pub_Writer Henrik Kyte Assmann og Ivar Bergem Strand 44 2 Pub_Title «Start Smart» En eksperimentell longitudinell studie av oppstartsaktiviteter i team 44 3 Pub_Publication /Files/Filer/Publications/R04_17.pdf 44 4 Pub_AbstractEn 44 5 Pub_Type 2 44 6 Pub_Year 2017 44 7 Pub_OldID 0 44 8 23764 Computational Economics, 1-20 (2017) Sturla F. Kvamsdal Indexing of Technical Change in Aggregated Data /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 23764 45 0 Pub_TypeNumber Computational Economics, 1-20 (2017) 45 1 Pub_Writer Sturla F. Kvamsdal 45 2 Pub_Title Indexing of Technical Change in Aggregated Data 45 3 Pub_Publication /Files 45 4 Pub_AbstractEn 45 5 Pub_Type 3 45 6 Pub_Year 2017 45 7 Pub_OldID 0 45 8 23763 Employee Relations, 39(7), 1083-1099 (2017) Anna Paula Fijalkowska, Karina Sofie Hjartåker and Torstein Nesheim Lay off employees or terminate consultant contracts? Responses to an external shock in three firms in the Norwegian petroleum industry /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 23763 46 0 Pub_TypeNumber Employee Relations, 39(7), 1083-1099 (2017) 46 1 Pub_Writer Anna Paula Fijalkowska, Karina Sofie Hjartåker and Torstein Nesheim 46 2 Pub_Title Lay off employees or terminate consultant contracts? Responses to an external shock in three firms in the Norwegian petroleum industry 46 3 Pub_Publication /Files 46 4 Pub_AbstractEn 46 5 Pub_Type 3 46 6 Pub_Year 2017 46 7 Pub_OldID 0 46 8 23762 Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 57, 303-313 (2017) Elizabeth Lindstad, Carl Fredrik Rehn and Gunnar Eskeland Sulphur Abatement Globally in Maritime Shipping /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 23762 47 0 Pub_TypeNumber Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 57, 303-313 (2017) 47 1 Pub_Writer Elizabeth Lindstad, Carl Fredrik Rehn and Gunnar Eskeland 47 2 Pub_Title Sulphur Abatement Globally in Maritime Shipping 47 3 Pub_Publication /Files 47 4 Pub_AbstractEn 47 5 Pub_Type 3 47 6 Pub_Year 2017 47 7 Pub_OldID 0 47 8 23761 Ecological Modelling, 364, 124-131 (2017) Sturla F. Kvamsdal, Jose M. Maroto, Manuel Moran and Leif Kristoffer Sandal A bridge between continuous and discrete-time bioeconomic models: Seasonality in fisheries model /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 23761 48 0 Pub_TypeNumber Ecological Modelling, 364, 124-131 (2017) 48 1 Pub_Writer Sturla F. Kvamsdal, Jose M. Maroto, Manuel Moran and Leif Kristoffer Sandal 48 2 Pub_Title A bridge between continuous and discrete-time bioeconomic models: Seasonality in fisheries model 48 3 Pub_Publication /Files 48 4 Pub_AbstractEn 48 5 Pub_Type 3 48 6 Pub_Year 2017 48 7 Pub_OldID 0 48 8 23760 Maritime Economics & Logistics, 1-12 (2017) Haiying Jia, Ove Daae Lampe, Veronika Soltészova and Siri Pettersen Strandenes An automatic algorithm for generating seaborne transport pattern maps based on AIS /Files 3 2017 0 PubID 23760 49 0 Pub_TypeNumber Maritime Economics & Logistics, 1-12 (2017) 49 1 Pub_Writer Haiying Jia, Ove Daae Lampe, Veronika Soltészova and Siri Pettersen Strandenes 49 2 Pub_Title An automatic algorithm for generating seaborne transport pattern maps based on AIS 49 3 Pub_Publication /Files 49 4 Pub_AbstractEn 49 5 Pub_Type 3 49 6 Pub_Year 2017 49 7 Pub_OldID 0 49 8